[PPS09-P01] Adsorption process of ion on amorphous ice surface
The MD calculations were performed using an atom-atom potential model, KAWAMURA potential model . The amorphous ice was prepared by quenching of a liquid phase consisting of 2760 water molecules from 280 to 235 K with 2.5 K/fs in cooling rate. After annealing at 235 K, the system was cooled to 10 K. The density of amorphous ice at 10 K was controlled with the time period of the annealing at 235 K. To equilibrate the fundamental cell, the MD code was run for 40 ps at 10 K. Then, an ion (NO3−) was put in a position, such the center of nitrogen in ion was at a distance of 0.5 nm from the outermost hydrogen atom in surface. An infinite surface was simulated by replicating the cell in the directions parallel to the surface using periodic boundary conditions. The pressure was kept at 0.1 MPa. The layer with 0.5 nm in thickness from the outmost atom was analyzed as the surface layer.
The result shows that the atomic displacement parameters (ADP) of oxygen and hydrogen of water molecules in surface layer increase during the adsorption of NO3−. The values are diminished with formation of hydrogen bonds with surrounding water molecules, and gradually approach the values of pure amorphous ice without ions. For surface with NO3−, three oxygen atoms of NO3− form hydrogen bonds with hydrogen atoms in dangling bonds of water on the surface layer. When an ion is adsorbed, surrounding water molecules rotate to form hydrogen bonds with the ion. Thus, the rearrangement of water molecules occur even at low temperature. The result indicates that the thermal vibrations of water molecules are enhanced with adsorption and diffusion of ions on the surface. To investigate the effects of ion adsorption on smoothing of surface roughness, the potential map of surface layer were calculated. The results show that the potential map charges with a collision of ion on a convex position, whereas no charge was observed when the ion adsorbs on a concave position. This indicates that the smoothing of surface roughness of amorphous ice at low temperature results from ion collisions. The effects of ion adsorption might have important implications for surface reaction in interstellar molecular clouds.
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