JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS09] [JJ] Origin and evolution of materials in space

Mon. May 22, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

convener:Shogo Tachibana(Department of Natural History Scieces, Hokkaido University), Hitoshi Miura(Graduate School of Natural Sciences, Department of Information and Basic Science, Nagoya City University), Takafumi Ootsubo(Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Tokyo), Hideko Nomura(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

[PPS09-P08] Silicate dust evolution in protoplanetary disks

*Shogo Tachibana1, Daiki Yamamoto1, Kodai Kobayashi1 (1.Department of Natural History Scieces, Hokkaido University)

Keywords:silicate, protoplanetary disk, kinetics

Silicate is the dominant solid component in circumstellar environments. Infrared spectroscopic observations have shown that both crystalline and amorphous silicate dust are present in protoplanetary disks, and crystalline silicate dust seems more abundant in the inner warm region of the disks. This suggests that thermal annealing of interstellar amorphous silicate dust occurred in the disk and changed the dust properties of disk dust temporally and spatially with disk evolution. Some of those processes occurred in the early Solar System may have been recorded in fine-grained matrices of less altered/metamorphosed chondrites, which contain abundant amorphous silicates and a small fraction of presolar silicate grains. Laboratory experiments help us extract the record of disk thermal processes from natural samples quantitatively. We have done experiments on crystallization and hydration experiments of amorphous silicates and evaporation and condensation experiments of crystalline silicates, focusing on kinetics of these processes. In this presentation, based on experimentally-obtained kinetic data, we will discuss the silicate dust evolution in protoplanetary disks.