JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS10] [JJ] Formation and evolution of planetary materials in the solar system

Tue. May 23, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 105 (International Conference Hall 1F)

convener:Tomohiro Usui(Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology ), Masaaki Miyahara(Department of Earth and Planetary Systems Science, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University), Akira Yamaguchi(National Institute of Polar Research), Yoko Kebukawa(Faculty of Engineering, Yokohama National University), Chairperson:Masaaki Miyahara(Department of Earth and Planetary Systems Science, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University)

11:15 AM - 11:30 AM

[PPS10-15] Stepwise Heating and Vacuum Crushing Analyses of Noble Gases in Martian Meteorites

*Mizuho Koike1, Hirochika Sumino2, Yuji Sano1, Minoru Ozima3 (1.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 2.Department of Basic Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 3.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:Martian meteorites, noble gas isotopes, analytical cosmochemistry

Introduction: Martian meteorites are valuable and possibly sole direct samples from Mars until future sample-return. Trapped noble gases in the meteorites are important, because they can provide not only strong evidence of their Martian origin [1][2], but also chemical and/or isotopic evolution of Martian atmosphere. However, noble gases in the meteorites are complicated mixtures of several sources; Martian atmosphere, Martian interior, radiogenic, cosmogenic, and terrestrial air (e.g.[3]–[9]).
In order to retrieve the exact Martian atmospheric records from the meteorites, one needs to know the trapping mechanism and trapped sites of the noble gases. As the first step, we have conducted combined stepped heating and vacuum crushing of several shergottites.
Samples: Tissint and SaU 008 are olivine-phyric shergottites. Tissint, fell in Morocco in 2011, is characterized by its numerous shock-melted glasses with small bubbles (<10µm – ca. 100µm), which might contain Martian atmosphere [8][10]. Heating analyses of pairs of SaU008 showed the incorporation of elementally fractionated terrestrial air (EFTA) in deserts [7][9]. EFTA effects were also observed in NWA 7397, a slightly weathered poikilitic shergottite [8][11]. NWA 10441 is a recently found highly shocked and moderately weathered shergottite. It is composed of ca. 15% of shock-melted glasses with a lot of vesicles [12].
Analytical Methods: The noble gas analyses were conducted with a VG3600 at the University of Tokyo. A ca. 100–200 mg chip of the each sample was separated into two groups; one for stepped heating and the other for vacuum crushing. The former fraction was heated in steps of 400°C, 600°C, 800°C, 1000°C, 1300°C, and 1800°C. The latter fraction was crushed with 2–10 MPa hydraulic ram to extract noble gases presumably from bubbles and/or fluid inclusions. The crushed samples were then picked-up and also stepped heated for comparison. All samples and vacuum lines were baked at ca. 200°C in vacuum for overnight before the analyses.
Results & Discussion: Neon: Most stepped heating data showed high contributions of cosmogenic Ne, while all crushing data indicated air-like Ne. This is due to either terrestrial air or Martian atmospheric Ne. It is difficult to distinguish the two because we do not know the exact 20Ne/22Ne of Martian atmosphere, although some plausible values are estimated [9].
Argon: Middle to high temperature heating showed high 40Ar/36Ar ratios. After corrections for cosmogenic 36Ar and radiogenic 40Ar, the trapped 40Ar/36Ar ratios indicate significant contribution of Martian atmospheric Ar. However, all crushing data were almost identical to terrestrial Ar. This may be attributable to either (i) expected bubbles in the shock-melted glasses did not contain Martian atmosphere or (ii) the crushing was not enough to extract gases from the bubbles.
Krypton and Xenon: As similar to Ar, high temperature heating showed excesses in 129Xe/132Xe ratios, indicating significant Martian contributions. All crushing data plotted on a mixing line between terrestrial air and EFTA (or Martian interior) in a diagram of 84Kr/132Xetrapped129Xe/132Xe ratios. These data also support the possibility of absent of Martian atmosphere in the expected bubbles.

References: [1] Owen et al (1977) JGR 82, 4635-4639. [2] Becker and Pepin (1984) EPSL 69, 225-242 [3] Ott (1988) GCA 52, 1937-1948. [4] Bogard and Johnson (1983) Science 221, 651–654. [5] Schwenzer (2007) MaPS 42, 387-412. [6] Wiens (1988) EPSL 91, 55–65. [7] Mohapatra et al. (2009) GCA 73, 1505–1522. [8] Wieler et al. (2016) MaPS 51, 407-428. [9] Park et al. (2017) LPSC XLVIII abst#1157. [10] Chennaoui Aoudjehane et al. (2012) Science 338, 785-788. [11] Ruzicka et al. (2015) Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 102. [12] Meteoritical Bulletin Database, (No.104, in prep).