JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS10] [JJ] Formation and evolution of planetary materials in the solar system

Tue. May 23, 2017 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 105 (International Conference Hall 1F)

convener:Tomohiro Usui(Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology ), Masaaki Miyahara(Department of Earth and Planetary Systems Science, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University), Akira Yamaguchi(National Institute of Polar Research), Yoko Kebukawa(Faculty of Engineering, Yokohama National University), Chairperson:Tomohiro Usui(Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology )

2:00 PM - 2:15 PM

[PPS10-20] Hf-W chronology of the pallasite Brenham

*Yoshitaka Homma1, Tsuyoshi Iizuka1 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:stony-iron meteorite, Hf-W chronology, core-mantle differentiation

Pallasites are stony-iron meteorites consisting mainly of rounded olivine and metal. The formation process of the pallasite meteorites have been investigated from the petrological and chemical data, but it is still enigmatic. Two major hypotheses are considered: (i) fractional crystallization of olivine at core-mantle boundary on their parent bodies and (ii) metal-silicate mixing generated by a catastrophic impact. Determining the precise age of the pallasites and, more preferably, their constituent phases, are key to constraining the formation process and the nature of the parent bodies. In this study, Hf-W isotopic analyses have been performed on metal, olivine, and non-magnetic fractions of Brenham, a main group (MG) pallasite. Taking into account the effects of neutron capture and nucleosynthetic anomaly, the ε182W value of the Brenham metal fraction is determined as -3.43 +0.23/-0.30. The tungsten isotopic value of Brenham metal corresponds to a model age of -0.22 +2.94/-3.34 Myr after the CAI formation. The result indicates that the differentiation on the MG pallasite parent body had occurred within the first 2.7 Myr of the solar system history. We further reveal that the olivine and non-magnetic fractions yielded substantially higher ε182W value than the metal fraction. Extrapolating an internal isochron using the metal and olivine fraction data yields an age older than the CAIs. This unrealistically old age would be attributed to the apparent elevated ε182W values of the olivine fractions due to neutron capture. Such neutron capture effect on the ε182W values can be potentially corrected by analyzing Hf stable isotopes in the fractions.