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[PPS10-27] Zn stable isotope contribution to constraint ureilite formation process
Zn isotope analysis of our seven samples yielded non-chondritic and heterogeneous composition in δ66Zn signatures ranging +0.61 ± 0.01‰ to +2.68 ± 0.11‰. This heterogeneity in Zn can reflected the isotopic signature of the precursor(s). In opposition, Zn is a moderately volatile element, and alternative explanation already mentioned by previous studies suggested this heavy isotope enrichment may reflect volatilization process following major impact . This explanation is generally supported by the correlation between the δ66Zn and the Zn abundance in ureilites. However, this hypothesis is not well supported by the shock degrees. In our study, we evaluated the possibility that δ66Zn signature could be produced by smelting process during ureilites genesis like already suggested by [3-4]. To evaluate the effects of such a volatilization process during smelting, we modeled the Zn isotope fractionation in ureilites on the basis of the Rayleigh distillation equation, according to  when Zn isotope fractionation was explored during the smelting process in the metallurgic industry. In this model, we made the assumption that UPB precursor had an initial composition in Zn content and δ66Zn signature similar to a CI type chondrite. The smelting degrees of our samples were evaluated based on their Zn content. Based on this assumption, we show that the observed δ66Zn variability in our ureilites match the data obtained using the smelting process model.
On the other hand, smelting process can occur only if the UPB precursor starts to melt. During this step, the ureilite witch is the residues should be depleted in incompatible elements like suggested by the REE pattern in ureilites . Based on the new REE data  and our data, we evidenced correlation between (Dy/Lu)n ratios and the degrees of smelting modeled. This observation suggests that smelting degrees increased with the degrees of melting (F).
Finally, based on 26Al-26Mg isotopic system, no isochron has been obtained with the δ26Mg* and 27Al/24Mg data analyzed in our samples. If all these samples crystallized at the same time, the δ26Mg* data suggest our samples could come from different parent bodies. However, our data set could also reflect different crystallization ages from a single parent body. Considering the smelting process for ureilites formation, this hypothesis could be considered since smelting was a local process. Assuming all the ureilites originated from a single parent body with a chondritic composition, a model age can be determined. This model age reflects the time when the ureilite common source differentiated from a chondritic reservoir. This differentiation can be modeled at 1.09 ± 0.75 Ma after the CAI formation.  Clayton R. & Mayeda T. (1988) GCA, 52, 1313-1318.  Moynier F. et al. (2010) Chem. Geol., 276, 374–379.  Singletary S. & Grove T. (2003) Meteorit. Planet. Sci., 38, 95-108.  Goodrich C.A. et al. (2007) GCA, 71, 2876-2895.  Mattielli N. et al. (2009) Atmos. Environ., 43, 1265-1272.  Barrat J.-A. et al. (2016), GCA, 194, 163-178