[PPS10-P04] Variable shock deformation within the CV3 chondrites based on chondrule shapes determined by X-ray tomography and modes of chondrite components
Keywords:CV chondrites, shock deformation, X-ray tomography
Methods: We used elemental and BSE maps and photomicrograph mosaics of polished thin sections (pts) to determine modes of chondrite components (chondrules, CAIs, AOAs, matrix) in: one pts of Leoville; two pts of Efremovka; three pts of Vigarano; two pts of Allende and one pts of Axtell. We also determined 2-D shapes and orientations of chondrules in these pts.
Three-dimensional shapes and orientations of chondrules and chondrule-like objects were determined by X-ray computed tomography (CT) in small samples of Efremovka, Vigarano and Allende. X-ray CT data were collected using X-ray CT scanner at Kyoto University (ELESCAN, NX-NCP-C80-I; Nittetsu Elex Co.) . The X-ray CT data consist of a series of 2-D images, in which pixel brightness correlates with linear attenuation coefficient (LAC) [7-8]. Elliptical shapes of low-LAC chondrules and chondrule-like objects were traced on a layer overlying each X-ray CT layer. The subsets of images of traced layers were processed using SLICE software  to investigate their shape using tri-axial ellipsoidal approximation and orientation of each axis of chondrules and chondrule-like objects in the samples.
Results: The ratios of matrix/inclusions ("inclusions" = chondrules + CAIs + AOAs) show a trend that correlates with the porosities of . Matrix/inclusions ratios are near 0.3-0.4 for Efremovka and Leoville (porosities approx., 0.6-2%), 0.6-0.7 for Vigarano (porosity, 8%), and 0.9-1.0 for Allende (porosity, 22%). Our Axtell (porosity, 23% ) pts has matrix/inclusions ratio = 0.7, but a large CAI probably causes the ratio of the pts to be lower than that of Axtell as a whole. Ebel et al.  also found matrix/inclusions lower in Leoville and Vigarano than in Allende; however, their matrix/inclusions ratio for Allende (1.3) is higher than our results.
The 2-D pts data suggest and the 3-D X-ray CT data show that Allende chondrules tend to be spherical, and that the Efremovka and Vigarano chondrules tend to be oblate. Furthermore, the Efremovka and Vigarano chondrules have short axes with well-defined preferred orientations, consistent with flattening.
The chondrite component modes, and chondrule shapes and orientations support the interpretation that the CV3red chondrites were affected by an early shock event that limited fluid-rock interaction during subsequent metamorphism [5,6]. Vigarano does not appear to be as strongly shocked as Efremovka and Leoville.
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