[PPS10-P14] Formation process of Fe-FeS globules in melt veins in shocked ordinary chondrites
Keywords:metal-sulfide globule, shock vein, ordinary chondrite, TEM
The trend of the globule size in the shock vein shows that it becomes larger from the vein wall to the center (up to 25 µm) due to the difference of cooling rate and local fluid dynamics. Following the previous study , cooling rates of shock veins were estimated from spacing of Fe-metal dendrites in the globules by a cooling-rate meter established for Fe-dendrites in alloys . The widths of Fe-dendrites in NWA4719 and Tenham are in the range of ~300–600 nm, and estimated cooling rates of the shock veins in are extremely high (106 deg C/sec).
To evaluate such a seemingly unrealistically high cooling rate, we examined mineral phases of the globules in Tenham by TEM/STEM. Fe-FeS globules are surrounded by high pressure silicate minerals including aluminous majorite crystallized from chondritic melt at pressures above 14 GPa. Meanwhile, X-ray elemental mapping clarified that the globules consist of grains of kamacite, taenite and troilite (<2 µm in size). But, high-pressure phases of Fe-sulfide such as Fe3S2 and Fe3S, which are stable above ~14 and ~21 GPa [6,7] respectively, were not found. The results suggest that shock pressure in Tenham was significantly dropped from >14 GPa when temperature of the shock vein was in between the liquidus temperature of silicate (~2000 deg C) and eutectic temperature of Fe-FeS (~1000 deg C). Therefore, only silicate minerals could have been crystallized as high pressure phases. The absence of high-pressure phases of Fe-sulfide is rather consistent with much slower cooling rate than that estimated by Fe-dendrite spacing. The cooling-rate meter established in metallurgical studies provides overestimated values for shock veins formed in a dynamic high-pressure process.
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