9:15 AM - 9:45 AM
[SCG62-02] Injection-driven failure and fault mechanics in high fluid flux faulting regimes
Keywords:fault mechanics, high fluid flux regimes
Contemporary injection-driven swarm seismicity provides novel insights about the dynamics of formation, timescales of activity, and flow rates in high fluid flux fault zones. Results from fluid injection experiments and natural, fluid-driven seismic sequences demonstrate that swarm seismicity is the characteristic response to injection of large volumes of overpressured fluids into low permeability rock. Injection-driven swarm seismicity and related permeability enhancement typically involves repeated sequences of thousands of ruptures with moment magnitude Mw mostly in the range -2 < Mw < 2. Individual ruptures within each swarm sequence usually have diameters much less than 100m and slips less than a few millimetres. Cumulative rupture areas during a single swarm seldom exceed several km2. Diffusion-like migration of a seismicity front away from the injection source at rates up to approximately 100m/day is a key characteristic of injection-driven seismicity and correlates with migration of a fluid pressure pulse along activated faults. Fluid injection rates in excess of tens of L.s-1, and total injected volumes of 104 - 105 m3 produce swarms with cumulative moment magnitudes in the range 4 - 5. Recurrence intervals of natural injection-driven swarms indicate that net slips of approximately 100m can accumulate on timescales as little as 104 to 105 years.