10:15 AM - 10:30 AM
[SCG62-05] Development of fault zones along the Median Tectonic Line, Mie Prefecture, south-west Japan: implication for weakening in the fault core
Keywords:Median Tectonic Line, Mylonite, Cataclasite, Quartz c-axis fabric, Pressure solution
We have investigated the MTL in this area to elucidate structural development and weakening processes in a large-scale fault zone, and found the following facts. (1) The upper plate of the MTL consists of c. 70 m thick cataclasite (i.e. fault core) originated from granitic mylonite and protomylonite, overlain by weakly fractured mylonite and protomylonite (fault damage zone). It should be noted however that thin anastomosing cataclasite zones are also developed in the weakly fractured mylonite and protomylonite. (2) Cataclasite was developed into foliated cataclasite with increasing degree of fracturing, and the foliated cataclasite developed along the MTL contains clasts of ultramylonite (Jefferies et al., 2006). (3) Both Y-maximum and type-I cross-girdles with rhomb-maxima (i.e. rhomb plane parallel to the foliation) quartz c-axis fabrics are developed in deformed and recrystallized quartz constituting the mylonite and protomylonite in the fault damage zone (cf. Sakakibara, 1995; Shimada et al., 1998). On the other hand, the quartz c-axis fabrics in mylonite to ultramylonite from the fault core are very heterogeneous, and vary between Y-maximum, type-I cross-girdle with rhomb-maxima, Z-maximum, and random patterns even in a thin section (Czertowicz et al., this session, cf. Okudaira and Shigematsu, 2012). (4) Some areas of mylonite and protomylonite in the fault damage zone suffered overprinting deformation at higher stresses indicated by bulging recrystallization with an average recrystallized quartz grain size of 10 mm in contrast to that of 70 mm associated with the development of the Y-maximum quartz fabric pattern (Bui et al., this session).
As the mylonite and protomylonite formed along the proto-MTL were elevated and cooled, the ductile deformation could have become localized into the fault core, where the differential stresses were built up to form ultramylonite, which is shown by the clast of ultramylonite contained in the cataclasite zone. This strain localization of ductile deformation is evidenced by the development of type-I crossed girdles with rhomb-maxima in the ultramylonite, whereas a Y-maximum c-axis fabric is dominant in quartz from the protomylonite, which are inferred to have been formed at low (300 to 400 oC) and intermediate (400 to 500 oC) temperature conditions, respectively (e.g. Takeshita and Wenk, 1988). Note that this strain localization occurred very heterogeneously, shown by the very heterogeneous development of quartz c-axis fabrics in the fault core. However, once cataclasite was formed by faulting, fluids migrated into the MTL fault core zone, resulting in the formation of mica and clay minerals, which weakened the MTL by not only lowering the coefficient of internal friction in rocks, but also enhancing the operation of pressure solution creep shown by the development of foliated cataclasite. When the fault core consisting of cataclasite was weakened, the stress buildup no longer occurred there, which could have resulted in stress concentration in the surrounding rocks, leading to the low-temperature deformation overprint in the protomylonite shown by bulging recrystallization in quartz.