JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG65] [EE] Turbidity current: from triggers for the generation to the depositional and morphological processes

Thu. May 25, 2017 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 302 (International Conference Hall 3F)

convener:Miwa Yokokawa(Osaka Institute of Technology), Norihiro Izumi(Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University), Svetlana Kostic(Computational Science Research Center, San Diego State University), Hide Sakaguchi(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Chairperson:Norihiro Izumi(Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University), Chairperson:Svetlana Kostic(Computational Science Research Center, San Diego State University)

9:45 AM - 10:00 AM

[SCG65-04] Capturing passing hyperpycnal turbidity currents in a submarine canyon after a typhoon

★Invited papers

*James T Liu1 (1.National Sun Yat Sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan)

Keywords:typhoon, hyperpycnal turbidity current, small mountainous rivver, submarine canyon

Two hyperpycnal turbidity-current events over 16 hours were captured by two moorings in a submarine canyon 650 m from the surface. One mooring was configured with temperature censors, one acoustic current meter, and a non-sequential sediment trap. The other mooring was configured with an upward-looking long-ranger ADCP. The observed turbidity currents were triggered by typhoon floods of the river that feeds into the canyon. The thickness of the currents was 140 m having max. down-canyon velocity of 1.6 m at the head of the turbidity current. They carried warm water from the surface and terrestrial sediment and organic carbon. Our findings confirms the link between typhoon-tirggered hyperpycnal plume at the mouth of a small mountainous river and the turbidity currents in a nearby submarine canyon that forms an efficient conduit to transport large amount of sediment and organic carbon to the deep-sea.