JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG66] [EE] Shallow and intermediate depth intraslab earthquakes: seismogenesis and rheology of the slab

Tue. May 23, 2017 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A07 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Tomohiro Ohuchi(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University), Saeko Kita(Department of Earth and Planetary Systems Science, Hiroshima University), Brent G Delbridge(Berkeley Seismological Lab), Ikuo Katayama(Department of Earth and Planetary Systems Science, Hiroshima University), Chairperson:Saeko Kita(Department of Earth and Planetary Systems Science, Hiroshima University), Chairperson:Brent Delbridge(Berkeley Seismological Lab)

2:15 PM - 2:30 PM

[SCG66-09] Temporal variation of intermediate-depth earthquakes around the time of the M 9.0 Tohoku-oki earthquake

*Brent G Delbridge1, Saeko Kita2, Christopher Johnson1, Naoki Uchida3, Toru Matsuzawa3, Roland Bürgmann1 (1.UC Berkeley, 2.Hiroshima Univ. , 3.Tohoku Univ. )

Keywords:intermediate-depth , seismogenesis, intraslab, Tohoku-oki

The temporal evolution of intermediate depth seismicity before and after the 2011 M 9.0 Tohoku-oki earthquake reveals interactions between plate interface slip and deformation in the subducting slab. We investigate seismicity rate changes in the upper and lower planes of the double seismic zone beneath northeast Japan using both a beta-statistic approach and a temporal epidemic type aftershock sequence(ETAS) model. We do not observe an anomalous precursory increase in intermediate-depth earthquake activity preceding the mainshock, however, following we observe a rate increase for the intermediate-depth earthquakes in the upper plane. The average ratio of upper plane to lower plane activity and the mean deep aseismic slip rate both increased by factor of two. An increase of down-dip compression in the slab resulting from coseismic and postseismic deformation enhanced seismicity in the upper plane, which is dominated by events accommodating down-dip shortening from plate unbending.