[SCG72-P01] Rapid Earthquake Magnitude Detemination with Strain Analysis on Fourier Domain
Keywords:Fourier Strain Analysis, Scalar Moment, Multi Components borehole strain meter
Strainmeter is a crustal deformation observational instrument detects deformation that is the spatial differential of displacement, which will be observed by GNSS. Strainmeters' responses can be improve up to higher frequency range (20Hz ~) adept for seismic ground motional deformation, because those mechanism of strainmeter is quite simple.
Dynamic strain analysis for seismic motions to understand source process of a great earthquake is being made taking advantage of these frequency responses of strainmeter (Okubo et al., 2007; JpGU, Okubo, 2007; TRIES report). Generally, plane strain analysis requires three observational components on the same plane. If we could use observatories have more than four horizontal components, we can extract the principal strain amplitudes, those azimuth and observational errors from strain records (Okubo, 2005; SSJ). Additionally, strain analysis can also be applied to spectra in frequency domain, converted from strain records (Okubo, 2007; SSJ). Strain analysis in the frequency domain (Fourier Strain Analysis; FSA), is possible to separate very long period variations and influence of disturbance near the observatory. Since strain is a spatial distribution, it can be easily affected by fluctuations strongly dependent on observatory such as responses for precipitation and groundwater level change. Thus we require a systematic approach to eliminate those undisireable variations.