3:30 PM - 3:45 PM
[SCG73-06] Thermal history of lithospheric mantle: Mantle xenolith from Colorado Plateau in North America continent revisited
Keywords:mantle xenolith, thermal history of lithosphere
Examined five samples are two garnet lherzolite, garnet harzburgite, without fine-grained portions, and the other contains fine-grained recrystallized olivine in various amounts. Previous study (Ehrenberg,1982) argued that the mantle xenolith from the Thumb are equilibrated at various temperature with almost no systematic variation in the depth of xenolith derivation. The five samples analyzed this study show a wide variation in CaO contents in olivine from 0.02~0.08 wt.%. A garnet lherzolite sample with lower CaO contents in olivine (0.03~0.04 wt.%) contains clinopyroxene and orthopyroxene with strong zoning characterized by enrichment of Al and Ca towards the rim. Garnet grains in the sample shows extensive decomposition via reaction with olivine into aggregates consisting of spinel and pyroxenes with diverse size change: coarse in the outer margin (~several tens of micrometer) and very fine near the contact with relict intact garnet (~1 micrometer). The pyroxene zoning and breakdown texture of garnet suggest that the xenolith underwent heating or decompression before this mantle xenolith was brought to the surface by the host minett. Preliminary geothermobarometry has revealed pressure-temperature correlation, from which the xenoliths records the temperature variation of ~200℃ over the pressure range of ~25GPa. The estimated pressure correlates with various textural features, such as size of recrystallized olivine, which decreases with depth . They also show correlations with mineral chemical parameters, such as forsterite content of olivine, which increases with depth, suggesting that the lithosphere is more depleted with depth .