9:00 AM - 9:15 AM
[SCG74-01] In-situ stress-strain measurement of bridgmanite
Keywords:bridgmanite, lower mantle, In-situ measurements, viscosity
In-situ measurements were conducted using SPEED-Mk.II, which is D-DIA apparatus, as Kawai-type apparatus at SPring-8 BL04B1. Mg-pure bridgmanite aggregates were used as starting material. Experimental conditions are 1473-1673 K and 27-28 GPa. Pressures were estimated by equation of state on bridgmanite (Katsura et al., 2009). WC second cubic anvils with slit or cone (5°) to take tomography and 2D X-ray diffraction, was used along X-ray path. X-ray radiographies of the strain markers were taken using an imaging system composed of a YAG crystal and a CCD camera. Two-dimensional X-ray diffraction patterns were corrected for 180-300 s using CCD detector. To calculate pressure and the stress magnitude of bridgmanite, (111) (112) (200) X-ray diffraction peaks were used.
Measured uniaxial stress and strain of bridgmanite during deformation experiments were 0.3-1.3 GPa and < 6 %. Flow law in dislocation creep is described by,
dε/dt = Aσ3 exp(-E*/RT) (1)
where dε/dt is strain rate, A is pre-exponent, σ is stress, E* is activation energy, R is gas constant and T is temperature. Least squares fit of Eq. (1) to these viscosity data yielded A = 107.6±1.5 and E* = 372 ± 40 kJ/mol. This activation energy of flow low is similar to that of atomic diffusion of bridgmanite by Xu et al. (2011). This fact supported deformation mechanism could be dislocation creep controlled by dislocation clime.