JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-EM Earth's Electromagnetism

[S-EM18] [EE] General Contributions in Geomagnetism, Paleomagnetism, and Rockmagnetism

Sat. May 20, 2017 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM A07 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Hirokuni Oda(Institute of Geology and Geoinformation, Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Nobutatsu Mochizuki(Priority Organization for Innovation and Excellence, Kumamoto University), Joshua M Feinberg(University of Minnesota), Myriam Annie Claire Kars(Center for Advanced Marine Core Research), Chairperson:Nobutatsu Mochizuki(Priority Organization for Innovation and Excellence, Kumamoto University), Chairperson:Ioan Lascu(University of Cambridge), Chairperson:Myriam Kars(Center for Advanced Marine Core Research)

3:50 PM - 4:05 PM

[SEM18-02] Paleomagnetic studies on single crystals separated from the middle Cretaceous Iritono granite

*Chie Kato1, Masahiko Sato2, Yuhji Yamamoto3, Hideo Tsunakawa1, Joseph L. Kirschvink4,5 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2.Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 3.Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University, 4.California Institute of Technology, 5.Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

Keywords:paleointensity, granite, single crystals

To study the evolution of the geomagnetic field and its relationship to the thermal evolution of the Earth and mantle convection, the long-term behavior of the geomagnetic field should be emphasized. Granitic rocks could be good candidates to investigate the long-term evolution of the geomagnetic paleointensity because their long cooling times can average out relatively short-term fluctuations of the geomagnetic field. However, paleomagnetic measurements of granitic rocks are often disturbed by alteration like weathering and lightning, and the effects of multi-domain state magnetite. Recently, several research groups have investigated paleointensities from single crystals of primary minerals such as plagioclase, pyroxene, zircon and quartz for their potential to avoid difficulties that frequently plague whole-rock measurements (e.g. Tarduno et al., 2007; Usui et al., 2015; Sato et al., 2015). To provide solid ground for single silicate crystal paleomagnetism, paleointensity and rock-magnetic properties of single crystals should be systematically studied and compared to those of the host granitic rock.
We separated zircons, quartz and plagioclases from a Cretaceous granite sample whose whole-rock paleointensity and rock-magnetic properties were studied previously, and found to be particularly stable and reproducible (100 Ma, Wakabayashi et al., 2006; Tsunakawa et al., 2009). Superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometer and magnetic property measurement system (MPMS) were used to measure natural remanent magnetization (NRM), isothermal remanent magnetization (IRM), thermal remanent magnetization (TRM), anhysteretic remanent magnetization (ARM) and low temperature magnetic properties of the single crystals.
Zircons with grain size of >100 μm were selected for measurements. Less than 1% of them had NRM intensity larger than 10 pAm2. Low temperature magnetic properties and stepwise thermal demagnetization suggested that the major magnetic carrier of these zircons were pyrrhotite, and thus, the zircons are inappropriate for the paleointensity study. Quartz showed similar NRM intensity distribution with zircons. However, some quartz grains showed similar blocking temperature profiles with the host-rock, and primary magnetization components were detected on the orthogonal projections, indicating that these quartz could be suitable for paleointensity study. 44% of plagioclases had NRM intensity greater than 10 pAm2. Their NRM/IRM ratio and low-temperature magnetic properties suggested the existence of tiny magnetite inclusions possibly exsolved from plagioclase. We performed paleointensity measurements by the Tsunakawa-Shaw method (Yamamoto et al., 2003) to four plagioclase crystals. The obtained paleointensities (46-77 μT) were consistent with the reported whole-rock paleointensity.