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[SEM18-11] The strongest crustal magnetic field generated by back-arc basaltic volcano in the Okinawa Trough
Keywords:Submarine volcanism, Back-arc rift, Magnetic anomaly, Rock magnetism, Okinawa Trough
In order to determine the source of these strong magnetic anomalies, we conducted rock magnetic and petrological studies of collected samples in the Irau knolls. Fourteen seafloor extrusive rocks including basalt, basaltic andesite, and andesite were obtained by the underwater vehicle Hyper Dolphin during YK00-06_leg2 NT11-20, and KY14-02 cruises. To characterize in rock magnetic properties and petrological signatures, we made a comprehensive data set of rock magnetic properties including natural remanent magnetization (NRM) intensity, magnetic susceptibility, grain density, coercivity, magnetic domain state (equivalent to magnetic grain size), Curie temperature (TQ), Ti content (x) of titanomagnetite grain (Fe3-xTixO4), titanomagnetite content (m), and mineral texture.
All samples contain titanomagnetite as main magnetic carrier and have not been affected by low-temperature oxidation (maghemitization). One sample shows the highest NRM value of 214 A/m. This sample shows single higher TQ = 460°C and lower x = 0.19 compared with MOR basalts, and indicates a magnetic domain state of complete single-domain (SD) with m = 0.8 wt.%. The other samples with complete SD also show relatively high NRM of 38–116 A/m and similar m = 0.7–1.1 wt.%. In contrast, samples with pseudo-single-domain (PSD) or multi-domain (MD) show small NRM intensities of 7–10 A/m but larger m = 2.5–3.2 wt.%. Low NRM intensity of 8 A/m was also observed for one sample with the contributions of superparamagnetic (SP) grains. This sample shows m = 0.2 wt.%, which is small compared with that in other samples with SD and MD grains, suggesting that crystal growth of titanomagnetite is insufficient due to the rapid cooling rate or reduction of pressure. These results demonstrate that the contribution of SD grains rather than abundant MD grains is clearly important for acquisition of strong NRM, and that rapid crystal growth inhibits the creation of titanomagnetite and enables the formation of SP rather than SD grains. Proper crystal growth rate forming a lot of SD grains is important for the acquisition of high NRM values. To conclude, we propose that the high magnetization of the Irabu knolls reflects accumulation of non-oxidized (fresh) low-Ti lava flows containing abundant SD-titanomagnetite grains, formed under proper crystal growth rates.
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