JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-GC Geochemistry

[S-GC52] [EE] Volatile cycles in the Earth - from Surface to Deep Interior

Mon. May 22, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A03 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Takeshi Hanyu(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Department of Solid Earth Geochemistry), David R Hilton(University of California San Diego), Hirochika Sumino(Department of Basic Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo), Yuji Sano(Division of Ocean and Earth Systems, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Chairperson:David Hilton(University of California San Diego), Chairperson:Takeshi Hanyu(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Department of Solid Earth Geochemistry)

10:45 AM - 11:00 AM

[SGC52-07] Role of volatiles in melting process of mantle plume: Case study in Hawaii

*Eiichi Takahashi1,2, Shan Gao1 (1.Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2.Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Science)

Keywords:Hawaii plume, magma genesis, role of volatiles

In order to understand the role of water in magma genesis of a plume consisting of peridotite and eclogite (recycled ancient oceanic crust), melting experiments were carried out at 1300-1550°C and 3, 5 and 8 GPa pressure conditions with 0 to 5wt% of water. In order to test the effect of mafic bulk rock composition on the chemistry of reacted melts, 2 basalt compositions were chosen (NMORB and CRB). Compared with NMORB, CRB is enriched in Fe, K, Ti and LREE. H2O promotes melting of only basalt layer under low water concentration, while it enhances melting and chemical interaction between both layers. Reacted dry melts formed from MORB/peridotite layered experiments were tholeiitic (basalt/basaltic andesite/andesite) while those from CRB/peridotite layered experiments were alkalic (alkali basalt/basanite/trachy-basalt/ trachy-andesite/ phono-tephrite).
Based on experimental results combined with field occurrence of tholeiite and alkalic magmas in Hawaiian plume, a new model for the role of volatiles in melting of mantle plume is proposed. Alkali acidic magma such as mugearite, hawaiite, trachyte, and phono-teprite appears in many hot spots. These alkali acidic magmas have been considered as products of fractional crystallization from alkali basalt magma in shallow level magma chambers. However, based on our experiments, we propose a new model, that at least some alkali acidic magma may have derived directly from partial melting of elogite at 3 to 5 GPa under slightly hydrous conditions. Under activie shiled volcanoes (e.g., Kilauea and Mauna Kea) tholeiitic magma is being produced by extensive reaction melting of entrained eclogite with surrounding peridotite at the top of the plume 2.7-2.8 GPa. This model gives explanation for the origin of alkali achidic rocks found from south flank of Kilauea by Sisson et al (2002). This model can also explain why alkali acidic magma (mugearite, hawaiite) prevails in volume in the post-shield stage of Hawaiian volcanoes.