JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-GC Geochemistry

[S-GC52] [EE] Volatile cycles in the Earth - from Surface to Deep Interior

Mon. May 22, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A03 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Takeshi Hanyu(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Department of Solid Earth Geochemistry), David R Hilton(University of California San Diego), Hirochika Sumino(Department of Basic Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo), Yuji Sano(Division of Ocean and Earth Systems, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Chairperson:David Hilton(University of California San Diego), Chairperson:Takeshi Hanyu(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Department of Solid Earth Geochemistry)

11:15 AM - 11:30 AM

[SGC52-09] Fluorine as a proxy of water in mantle

*Kenji Shimizu1, Motoo Ito1, Qing Chang2, Jun-Ichi Kimura2 (1.Kochi Core Center, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2.D-SEG, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

Keywords:Fluorine, volcanic glass, volatile element, water

Water-cerium ratio of basalt has been utilized for evaluating the water abundance in its source mantle due to its inheritance from the source mantle. However, dissimilar chemical properties of cerium (Ce3+; lithophile) to water (OH-; volatile) in the mantle limit its quantification. Fluorine is an effective element for this purpose, because it is volatile element and has similar chemical properties to the mantle water. We precisely determined water and fluorine concentrations of deep submarine basaltic glasses from mid-oceanic ridges (MOR) of Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Ocean, a Hawaii hotspot, and a Fiji back arc basin using an FTIR and an ion chromatography. We found a strong linear correlation of F [ppm] = (477 ± 7) × H2O [wt.%] + (47 ± 2). This F–H2O mantle array represents melting of mantles ranging from a near-dry depleted MOR mantle (DMM: H2O = 100ppm; H2O/F=10) to a hydrous primitive mantle (PM: H2O = 750ppm; H2O/F=18.5). Other data of ours, produced by nanoSIMS, and existing data of submarine basaltic glasses and olivine-hosted melt inclusions plot on the mantle array in most MORs, deviate positively (H2O-enrichment) in arcs, negatively (H2O-defficient) in hotspots. These are consequences of melting of a pristine depleted mantle (MORs), the selective water enriched mantle by the subducting slab (arcs), and water depleted mantle by the dehydrated recycled slab materials (hotspots), respectively. The F–H2O systematics of basalt glass is a versatile tool for understanding the origin and behavior of mantle water.