JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-GC Geochemistry

[S-GC52] [EE] Volatile cycles in the Earth - from Surface to Deep Interior

Mon. May 22, 2017 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

convener:Takeshi Hanyu(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Department of Solid Earth Geochemistry), David R Hilton(University of California San Diego), Hirochika Sumino(Department of Basic Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo), Yuji Sano(Division of Ocean and Earth Systems, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo)

[SGC52-P08] Determination of water content of natural talc: application to a recipe for hydrogen manometry

*Shigeru Yamashita1 (1.Institute for Planetary Materials, Okayama University)

Keywords:water, hydrogen manometry, talc

Hydrogen manometry is a conventional yet powerful, absolute technique for the determinations of water contents of rocks and minerals. The concentration of water in a stoichiometric pure talc was determined by the hydrogen manometry technique so that accuracy of this technique was assessed. The talc sample was from Haicheng mine, China. Bulk chemical composition of the talc sample is (Mg2.930, Fe0.001) (Si4.003, Al0.002) on the anhydrous 11 oxygen basis (Matsumura Sangyo Co., Ltd., pers. comm.), which is nearly identical to that of the ideal talc Mg3Si4O10(OH)2. Powder X-ray diffraction also shows that the sample consists thoroughly of talc, free from any possible impurity.

About 20 mg of the <38um size fraction of the talc sample was loaded in a Pt crucible and sealed in a quartz-glass reaction vessel. The reaction vessel was then connected to a high vacuum line, and the Pt crucible was heated to 1000 °C at the rate of ~1 °C/sec using an induction furnace to let the talc sample completely degassed. Degassing was monitored with a Pirani gauge. Degassing from the talc started at around 500 °C and ended by 800 °C. During the degassing, the released gas was continuously sublimated using liquid nitrogen, so that the gas pressure buildup in the vacuum line was kept not to exceed 10 Pa. The H2O was cryogenically purified using an acetone - solid CO2 mixture slurry, and then converted to H2 gas in a deleted uranium furnace at 700 °C. The H2 gas was transferred into a calibrated volume with a Toepler pump, and the pressure of the H2 gas was determined. Complete thermal decomposition of the talc to enstatite + amorphous silica was confirmed by X-ray diffraction of the residue after degassing. Repeated measurements of the talc sample yielded H2O content of 4.71 ± 0.05 wt%. This value agrees with 4.75 wt% H2O of the ideal talc Mg3Si4O10(OH)2 within analytical uncertainty.

The gas pressure buildup in the vacuum line could reach an order of kilopascal (one hundred times more than that in the present study) if the released H2O gas was not continuously sublimed during the degassing process. Clog et al. (2012; Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 83, 125-137) showed that at high temperatures under such high H2O gas pressure, a large fraction of the H2O gas (up to 20%) is retained in the coexisting Pt alloy, which results in a poor yield of the gas in the hydrogen manometry. Diffusion flux of H2O (H) into Pt metal is proportional to square root of the pressure of surrounding H2O gas. Results of the present study suggest that holding H2O gas pressure at less than 10 Pa is a key to have accurate data from the hydrogen manometry.