11:00 AM - 11:15 AM
[SIT22-08] Correction of ScS–S travel times for 3D mantle structure to reveal shear wave azimuthal anisotropy in the lower mantle
Keywords:lower mantle, anisotropy
Observed ScS–S differential travel time residuals with respect to PREM show a large scattering with a standard deviation of about 2.6 s and significant apparent azimuthal variation. When a cos 2a (a is a propagation azimuth of the seismic ray) curve is fitted by least squares, we find that the fastest azimuth is about 103° measured from the north in clockwise and the amplitude of the azimuthal variation is about ±1.4 s. However, it is quite difficult to recognize that the azimuthal variation truly reflects the anisotropy in the lower mantle due to the large scatter of the travel time residuals.
To reduce the scattering of the data, we corrected for 3D mantle S-wave velocity structure models (e.g., S16U6L8, SB4L18, SH18CEX, S40RTS, SEMUCB-WM1). Unfortunately, the large scattering is not fully improved by using any models probably due to a poor resolution in the upper and uppermost lower mantle. However, if we use the 3D P-wave velocity model GAP-P4 (Obayashi et al., 2013) with an assumption of dlnVs/dlnVp=1.7, the scattering is significantly reduced (the standard deviation is about 1.3 s). After this mantle correction, the amplitude of the cos 2a function becomes ±0.4 s. However, the fastest direction is about 105°, which is almost same as in the case of the original data.