JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Tectonophysics

[S-IT22] [EE] Interaction and Coevolution of the Core and Mantle in the Earth and Planets

Sat. May 20, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A05 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Taku Tsuchiya(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University), Hidenori Terasaki(Graduate School of Science, Osaka University), Madhusoodhan Satish-Kumar(Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Niigata University), Tetsuo Irifune(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University), John Hernlund(Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Eiji Ohtani(Department of Earth and Planetary Materials Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Chairperson:Tetsuo Irifune(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University)

12:00 PM - 12:15 PM

[SIT22-12] Mantle dynamics of the Earth through time

*Shigenori Maruyama1 (1.Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

Keywords:presence of water, hydrous plume, superplume, Hadean primordial continent

Since the initial discovery of the superplume in the central Pacific Ocean in ca. 1990, the role and driving force of plumes and superplumes has been discussed in the framework of plate and plume tectonics, and more specifically whether a sufficient thermal budget is given solely from the core. Here, it is considered insufficient. Instead, the more important factor for the thermal budget is TTG enriched in radiogenic elements such as U, K and Th in the D” layer and mantle transition zone at 410-660 km depth, formed along the subduction zone through plate tectonics. In particular, primordial continents (initial solidified magma ocean at 4.53 Ga) were removed from the surface of the Earth through tectonic erosion and are now concentrated in the core mantle boundary. The distribution of these primordial rocks has been revealed in association with the mantle dynamics documented in the surface geology of the modern Earth. Accumulated primordial continent during Hadean eon raised the temperature in the D” layer to create liquid core by melting outer solid core, and resulted in the generation of strong geomagnetism.