JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Tectonophysics

[S-IT22] [EE] Interaction and Coevolution of the Core and Mantle in the Earth and Planets

Sat. May 20, 2017 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A05 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Taku Tsuchiya(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University), Hidenori Terasaki(Graduate School of Science, Osaka University), Madhusoodhan Satish-Kumar(Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Niigata University), Tetsuo Irifune(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University), John Hernlund(Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Eiji Ohtani(Department of Earth and Planetary Materials Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Chairperson:Hidenori Terasaki(Graduate School of Science, Osaka University)

2:30 PM - 2:45 PM

[SIT22-16] The sound velocity measurements of FeO at high pressure and temperature: Implications for the low velocity anomaly around the core-mantle boundary

*Ryosuke Tanaka1, Tatsuya Sakamaki1, Hiroshi Fukui2, Eiji Ohtani1, Seiji Kamada1, Sei Sato1, Satoshi Tsutsui3, Hiroshi Uchiyama3, Alfred Q.R. Baron4, Akio Suzuki1 (1.Tohoku University, 2.University of Hyogo, 3.Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, 4.RIKEN)

Keywords:FeO, Sound velocity, Density, Inelastic X-ray scattering, X-ray diffraction

Wustite, Fe1-xO, is one of the most important oxides in the Earth because it is an endmember of ferropericlase, (Mg,Fe)O, which is one of main phases in the Earth’s lower mantle. In addition, it is also significant for understanding the composition of planetary cores. Seismological data reveal physical properties of the Earth’s interior, such as velocities (VP, VS) and density. Although the seismological velocity profile of the Earth’s interior can provide us an important knowledge about structure and chemical compositions, there are few experimental reports about the sound velocity of Fe-light elements system including FeO at high pressure and temperature.
Here, we report VP of FeO up to 86 GPa and 2500 K based on a combination of the laser-heated diamond anvil cell and inelastic X-ray scattering measurements at BL35XU of SPring-8. In this experimental condition, FeO shows B1 phase and rhombohedral one, which has a distorted B1 structure. We find difference in velocity between them.
Based on our results, we could obtain the Birch’s law for FeO. This relation is extrapolated to the inner core condition. Combining with Birch’s law of Fe, we compared the density-velocity linear relation of Fe-FeO system to PREM. This relation is inconsistent with the seismic data of the inner core. In other words, oxygen is not suitable in the inner core as a major light element.
Seismological observations indicate a chemical heterogeneity in the deep lower mantle, and FeO can play an important role to cause the heterogeneity. Several processes have been proposed to account for formation of the enriched FeO region around the core-mantle boundary.
We can find that the velocity of FeO is smaller than that of lower mantle minerals. That is, an addition of FeO to the lower mantle can make a low velocity anomaly, such as ULVZs (ultra-low velocity zones).