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# [SIT22-32] Penetration of compositional convection into the upper stably stratified layer in the Earth's outer core

Keywords:Thermal conductivity, heat flux, compositional flux, production of kinetic energy

They assume that the region with negative heat flux is stably stratified. This assumption seems to be appropriate when convection is driven only by thermal effects, however, it is not correct for compositional convection, which is driven by buoyancy of light elements released at the inner core boundary through freezing and growth of the inner core. When compositional convection is sufficiently vigorous

enough to overcome thermally stable stratification, it would mix up the stable layer and would make it neutral.

We propose to use radial distribution of power induced by thermal and compositional buyancy (rate of kinetic energy production) as measure of occurence of thermal and compositional convection. The power consists of the terms proportional to heat flux and compositional flux. The region with positive power is considered that convection is active there because kinetic energy can be produced by buoyancy force. On the other hand, in the region with negative power convection is supressed and stably stratified layer may be produced.

We constructed a 1-dimensional thermal and compositional balance model of the Earth's core, and calculated radial distributions of power for various values of CMB heat flux Q

_{cmb}. When Q

_{cmb}> 9.3 TW, it is suggested that convection occurs in the whole outer core, however, a stable layer with O(100km) thickness could be produced below CMB when Q

_{cmb}< 4.8 TW.

References

Pozzo, M., Davies, C., Gubbins, D., and D. Alfe,2012. Thermal and electrical conductivity of iron at Earth's core conditions. Nature 485, 355--358.

Gomi, H., Ohta, K., Hirose, K., Labrosse, S., Caracas, R., Verstraete, M. J., Hernlund, J. W., 2013. The high conductivity of iron and thermal evolution of the Earth's core. Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 224, 88--103.

Pozzo, M., Davies, C., Gubbins, D., and D. Alfe, 2014. Thermal and electrical conductivity of solid iron and iron-silicon mixtures at Earth's core conditions. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 393, 159--164.

Labrosse, S., 2015: Thermal evolution of the core with a high thermal conductivity. Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 247, 36--55.