3:45 PM - 4:00 PM
[SIT22-38] Composition of the core: Geochemical and mineral physics constraints
Keywords:Inner Core, Outer core , composition, light elements, sound velocity
Our sound velocity measurements of FeO revealed that O is not likely to be the major light element of the inner core (4). Thus the most plausible candidates of the light elements in the core are likely to be S and Si, without O.
Based on our measurements of the sound velocity of iron (5), iron-silicon alloy (6), and Fe3S (7), and the solid-liquid partitioning in the Fe-Si-S system at high pressure and temperature, we constrained the composition of the inner and outer cores. The present experiments on the solid-liquid partitioning of S and Si revealed that the major element of the inner core is silicon whereas that in the outer core is sulfur.
The present results on sound velocity measurements and solid-liquid partitioning of iron alloy indicate that an iron alloy with about 5 wt.% of Si and 0.1 wt. % of S can explain the physical properties of the PREM inner core at the ICB condition, whereas the outer core contains both S and Si (about 7 wt.% S and 3 wt% Si) without O.
(1) Takafuji et al. (2005). Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L06313. (2) Sakai et al. (2006). Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L15317. (3) Hirose et al. (2015). AGU 2015 fall meeting, abstract, DI41B-03, San Francisco, December, 14-18, 2015. (4) Tanaka et al. This meeting. (5) Sakamaki et al. (2016), Science Advances, 2: e1500802. (6) Sakairi et al. (2017) in review, (7) Kamada et al. (2014). Am. Mineral. 99, 98-101, 342.