JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Tectonophysics

[S-IT22] [EE] Interaction and Coevolution of the Core and Mantle in the Earth and Planets

Sun. May 21, 2017 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

convener:Taku Tsuchiya(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University), Hidenori Terasaki(Graduate School of Science, Osaka University), Madhusoodhan Satish-Kumar(Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Niigata University), Tetsuo Irifune(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University), John Hernlund(Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Eiji Ohtani(Department of Earth and Planetary Materials Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University)

[SIT22-P27] Phase relations of MgSiO3-FeSiO3 system up to about 60 GPa and 2300K using multianvil apparatus with sintered diamond anvils

*Takeshi Arimoto1, Tetsuo Irifune1, Masayuki Nishi1, Yoshinori Tange2, Takehiro Kunimoto1 (1.Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University, 2.Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute)

Keywords:bridgmanite, high temperature generation, sintered diamond anvil

MgSiO3 bridgmanite is the most abundant mineral in the Earth’s lower mantle, which can accommodate certain amount of FeSiO3 under the P-T conditions of the lower mantle. Because of geophysical importance of FeSiO3-bearing bridgmanite, phase relations of MgO-FeO-SiO2 system have been investigated using both laser-heated diamond anvil cell (LHDAC) and Kawai-type multi-anvil apparatus (KMA), but there are some inconsistencies among their studies. Dorfman et al. (2013) made experiments up to 155 GPa and 3000 K using LHDAC, which reported a sharp increase of the solubility of the FeSiO3 component in bridgmanite at 50-70 GPa. In contrast, Tateno et al. (2007) reported more continuous solubility of FeSiO3 with pressure using similar techniques of LHDAC. On the other hand, Tange et al. (2009) precisely determined the phase relations in the system MgO-FeO-SiO2 on the bases of KMA experiments using sintered diamond (SD) anvils, but the maximum pressure and temperature in this study were limited to 47 GPa at 1773 K.
Based on the newly developed high pressure and temperature techniques, we studied detailed phase relations in the system MgO-FeO-SiO2 using KMA with SD anvils at pressures up to 61 GPa at a temperature of 2000 K. Synthetic pyroxene samples with chemical compositions of (Mg0.4Fe0.6)SiO3 and FeSiO3 were used as the starting materials. Both quench experiments and in situ X-ray observations were adopted to constrain the phases present. Single-phase bridgmanite and an assemblage of wüstite + stishovite were formed in the MgSiO3-rich and FeSiO3-rich regions, respectively, under the present pressure and temperature conditions of up to ~60 GPa, which is generally consistent with the phase relations in the earlier studies. We found the solubility of FeSiO3 in bridgmanite increases almost linearly with increasing pressure from Fe* (Fe/Fe+Mg) = 0.19 for 27 GPa to 0.38 mole for 60 GPa at 2000 K. The iron content in wüstite also significantly increases from Fe* = 0.68 for 27 GPa to 0.96 for 60 GPa.