JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Tectonophysics

[S-IT22] [EE] Interaction and Coevolution of the Core and Mantle in the Earth and Planets

Sun. May 21, 2017 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

convener:Taku Tsuchiya(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University), Hidenori Terasaki(Graduate School of Science, Osaka University), Madhusoodhan Satish-Kumar(Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Niigata University), Tetsuo Irifune(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University), John Hernlund(Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Eiji Ohtani(Department of Earth and Planetary Materials Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University)

[SIT22-P41] Atomic diffusion in solid iron at Earth’s inner core conditions

*Sebastian Arthur Willem Ritterbex1, Taku Tsuchiya1 (1.Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University, 2-5 Bunkyo-cho, Matsuyama 790-8577 Ehime Japan)

Keywords:Earth's inner core, atomic diffusion, plastic deformation

Crystalline iron is the main constituent of the Earth’s inner core1. The thermomechanical properties of solid iron at high pressure and temperature therefore mainly control the dynamics and evolution of the inner core. One of those properties is atomic diffusion which plays a key role in many processes, such as plastic deformation (viscosity) and crystal growth. Ongoing debate about the seismologically observed elastic anisotropy of the Earth’s inner core2,3 has led to several suggestions whether to find its origin in non-uniform core growth4, dendritic crystal growth4,5 (core solidification) or in solid-state flow4,6,7 (formation of LPO), all which depend on atomic diffusion processes. In addition, the diffusion anisotropy of iron at inner core conditions provides a link between seismic anisotropy and plastic deformation of the inner core. Therefore, a thorough understanding of atomic diffusion mechanisms in iron polymorphs is essential to gain better insight into the evolution of the Earth’s inner core.
Since experiments are extremely difficult to perform at inner core pressure and temperature conditions, computational mineral physics provides an alternative to study atomic diffusion in iron under those conditions. In this work, the effect of pressure on vacancy diffusion is investigated by means of defect energetics as it largely determines the rate of vacancy diffusion. First principles simulations have been performed to calculate activation enthalpies for self-diffusion in FCC- and BCC- and HCP-Fe at a pressure range up to the conditions of the Earth’s inner core. Our results show that pressure significantly increases defect energetics and in particular is responsible for suppressing defect concentration substantially in iron at inner core conditions. Consequently the rate of vacancy diffusion will be strongly inhibited. Intrinsic vacancy concentration plays an important role in metals in contrast to ionocovalent minerals where extrinsic vacancy concentration may determine effective vacancy diffusion. The question then arises whether other mechanisms allow to enhance vacancy concentration in iron under inner core conditions. If not, the latter will have direct consequences for the interpretation of the seismologically observed inner core anisotropy in terms of intracrystalline plasticity.

[1] Birch, F., Journal of Geophysical Research, 57(2), 227-286 (1952). [2] Tanaka, S., Hamaguchi, H., Journal of Geophysical Research, 102, 2925-2938 (1997). [3] Creager, K.C., Journal of Geophysical Research, 104, 23127-23139 (1999) . [4] Wookey, J., Helffrich, G., Nature, 454, 873-876 (2008). [5] Bergman, M., Nature 389, 60-63 (1997). [6] Karato, S.-I., Nature, 402, 871-873 (1999) . [7] Buffett, B.A., Wenk, H.-R., Nature, 413, 60-63 (2001) .