JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Tectonophysics

[S-IT23] [EE] Structure and Dynamics of Earth and Planetary Mantles

Mon. May 22, 2017 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A05 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Takashi Nakagawa(JAMSTEC/MAT), Dapeng Zhao(Department of Geophysics, Tohoku University), Takashi Yoshino(Institute for Planetary Materials, Okayama University), Chairperson:Takashi Yoshino(Institute for Planetary Materials, Okayama University), Chairperson:Hiroko Watanabe(Tohoku University)

2:15 PM - 2:30 PM

[SIT23-21] Geo-neutrino measurement with KamLAND

*Hiroko Watanabe1 (1.Research Center for Neutrino Science, Tohoku University)

Keywords:Geo-neutrino, radiogenic hear, Th/U mass ratio

The Kamioka Liquid-scintillator Anti-Neutrino Detector (KamLAND) is located in a rock cavern in the Kamioka mine, 1,000 m below the summit of Mt. Ikenoyama in Japan. KamLAND is marked by the ability to detect low-energy anti-neutrino signals at 1,000 tons of ultra pure liquid scintillator (LS) through the inverse β reaction. We demonstrated the oscillation nature of neutrino flavor transformation by observing electron anti-neutrino from nuclear reactors and neutrino properties have been explored precisely. Since neutrinos interact with other particles only via weal interaction, they have extremely low reaction probabilities. Such elusive property of neutrinos provides us with the ability to investigate optically invisible deep interior of the astronomical objects, such as the Earth. Neutrino measurement evolved understanding of neutrino properties to utilization of neutrino as a “probe”.
The detection of geo-neutrinos, anti-neutrinos produced in β-decays from primordial radioactivite elements (uranium, thorium and potassium) within the Earth’s interior, brings unique and direct information about the Earth’s interior and thermal dynamics. KamLAND detects geo-neutrino signals above 1.8 MeV due to the reaction threshold energy of the inverse β-decay, resulting to have sensitivity to anti-neutrinos from the decay chains of 238U and 232Th. The KamLAND collaboration reported the result of the first study of geo in 2005. Later the geo signals at KamLAND were used to estimate our planet’s radiogenic heat production and constrain composition models of the bulk silicate Earth (BSE). Following the Fukushima nuclear accident in March 2011, the entire Japanese nuclear reactor industry, which generates >97% of the reactor neutrino flux at KamLAND, has been subjected to a protracted shutdown. This unexpected situation allows us to improve the sensitivity for geo-neutrinos. In 2016, we presented that KamLAND started to have a sensitivity of Th/U mass ratio of entire Earth.
Currently, geo-neutrino observed rate is in agreement with the prediction from existing BSE composition models within 2σC.L., but some extreme models start to be disfavored. This ability to discriminate is limited by the experimental uncertainty and crust modeling. Continuing the data taking under the present low-reactor situation yields better signal-noise ratio and provides promising power of uncertainty. Enhanced geo-neutrino flux calculation model using latest crustal structure model and geochemical understanding around Japan Island Arc will be a key issue for the further constraint on the Earth models and observation of mantle contribution.