2:15 PM - 2:30 PM
[SIT23-21] Geo-neutrino measurement with KamLAND
Keywords:Geo-neutrino, radiogenic hear, Th/U mass ratio
The detection of geo-neutrinos, anti-neutrinos produced in β-decays from primordial radioactivite elements (uranium, thorium and potassium) within the Earth’s interior, brings unique and direct information about the Earth’s interior and thermal dynamics. KamLAND detects geo-neutrino signals above 1.8 MeV due to the reaction threshold energy of the inverse β-decay, resulting to have sensitivity to anti-neutrinos from the decay chains of 238U and 232Th. The KamLAND collaboration reported the result of the first study of geo in 2005. Later the geo signals at KamLAND were used to estimate our planet’s radiogenic heat production and constrain composition models of the bulk silicate Earth (BSE). Following the Fukushima nuclear accident in March 2011, the entire Japanese nuclear reactor industry, which generates >97% of the reactor neutrino flux at KamLAND, has been subjected to a protracted shutdown. This unexpected situation allows us to improve the sensitivity for geo-neutrinos. In 2016, we presented that KamLAND started to have a sensitivity of Th/U mass ratio of entire Earth.
Currently, geo-neutrino observed rate is in agreement with the prediction from existing BSE composition models within 2σC.L., but some extreme models start to be disfavored. This ability to discriminate is limited by the experimental uncertainty and crust modeling. Continuing the data taking under the present low-reactor situation yields better signal-noise ratio and provides promising power of uncertainty. Enhanced geo-neutrino flux calculation model using latest crustal structure model and geochemical understanding around Japan Island Arc will be a key issue for the further constraint on the Earth models and observation of mantle contribution.