10:15 AM - 10:30 AM
[SIT26-06] Impact of subduction of H2O on intermediate depth seismicity, slow slip, and mantle wedge hydrology.
Keywords:subduction zones, intermediate-depth seismicity, two-phase flow
Intermediate-depth seismicity in a number of well-studied subduction zones appears to be related to the dehydration of blueschist-facies rock in cold subduction zones and that of antigorite in warm subduction zones. In the case of the cold Alaska subduction zone seismicity appears to be limited to the predicted dehydration boundary, but seismicity is wide spread and occurs more shallowly in Tohoku and Hokkaido, suggestion rehydration embrittlement is favored over dehydration embrittlement.
Two-phase flow models confirm that fluids tend to at least partly flow back up the slab supporting such mechanism for intermediate-depth seismicity. Focusing of flow in the lowermost mantle wedge in subduction zones with concave geometry may be responsible for the patches of high rates of slow slip events observed in Cascadia and Nankai.
Fluids originating from the slab below arc depth are also expected to cause serpentinization of the cold fore-arc corner in the mantle wedge, although the most effect serpentinization is observed in warm subduction zones where dehydration below the fore-arc also contributes free fluids.