JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Tectonophysics

[S-IT26] [EE] Fluid-mediated processes and properties near convergent plate boundaries

Sat. May 20, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A08 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Bjorn Mysen(Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Inst. Washington), Eiji Ohtani(Department of Earth and Planetary Materials Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Hikaru Iwamori(Geochemical Evolution Research Program, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Catherine McCammon(Bayerisches Geoinstitut, University of Bayreuth), Chairperson:Catherine McCammon(Bayerisches Geoinstitut, University of Bayreuth)

11:00 AM - 11:15 AM

[SIT26-08] Chemical geodynamics of subduction zones: geochemical mass balance approach with Arc Basalt Simulator version 5

*Jun-Ichi Kimura1 (1.Department of Solid Earth Geochemistry, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Scienc and Technology)

Keywords:Geochemistry, Arc magmas, Role of water, Mass balance model

A forward geochemical/petrological model created by Arc Basalt Simulator version 5 (ABS5) is used to examine the element mass balance in arc magma genesis including the dehydration of slab materials and flux melting of wedge mantle peridotite that form primary arc magmas. The inverse problem approach using the forward ABS5 model allows for estimation of intensive and extensive geophysical variables in arc magma genesis. The intensive variables are slab dehydration depth (PSS) and temperature (TSS) and mantle melting pressure (Pperid) and temperature (Tperid). The extensive variables are the amount of slab liquid added to the mantle (Fslab liq) and the degree of melting of the mantle (Fperid) along with the amounts of water in the slab liquid (XH2Oslab liq), mantle (XH2Operid), and magma (XH2Omelt). The subordinate geochemical variables are the degree of chemical reaction of the slab liquids to the solid slab (%R); the slab liquid fractions from igneous oceanic crust (Fliq(AOC)), sediment (Fliq(SED)), and metasomatized mantle peridotite layers (Fliq(DMM)); and the degree of depletion of the wedge mantle (%MORBext). The mass balance of 26 incompatible elements, 6 major elements including H2O, and Sr–Nd–Hf–Pb isotopes are calculated by the same scheme. Monte Carlo calculations are used to estimate the aforementioned variables by fitting the calculated magma composition to that of observed values. This paper describes the ABS5 calculation scheme and presents its application results. The geophysical variables are compared with those estimated by other methods, and the control of magma productivity and formation mechanism of the volcanic front are discussed.