JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Tectonophysics

[S-IT27] [EE] Carbon in Planetary Interiors

Tue. May 23, 2017 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A03 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Craig E Manning(University of California Los Angeles), Eiji Ohtani(Department of Earth and Planetary Materials Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Hiroyuki Kagi(Geochemical Research Center, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo), Konstantin Litasov(V.S. Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy SB RAS), Chairperson:Eiji Ohtani(Department of Earth and Planetary Materials Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Chairperson:Hiroyuki Kagi(University of Tokyo)

2:30 PM - 2:45 PM

[SIT27-04] New stable members at the phase diagram of CaCO3 at pressures to 35 GPa

*Konstantin Litasov1, Pavel Gavryushkin1, Sergey Rashchenko1, Naira Martirosyan1, Anton Shatskiy1 (1.V.S. Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia)

Keywords:carbonate, high pressure, mantle, phase diagram

We determined phase transitions in CaCO3 at pressures up to 35 GPa and high-temperatures using in situ X-ray diffraction and synchrotron radiation combined with multianvil technique or diamond anvil cell. In addition to geological importance, this investigation has crystal-chemical and fundamental aspect as in this region enigmatic phase transitions from aragonite to disordered calcite or other phases takes place (Suito et al., 2001; Ishizawa et al., 2013). In present experiments we observed transition of aragonite to presumably disordered calcite phase at 1 to 5 GPa and 1273-1473 K, however at 8 GPa and higher temperature we observed transition to new phase, which we tentatively named disordered aragonite. At 14 GPa and 19 GPa we observed aragonite transition into two new different phases at 1773 K. At 30 GPa transition to new structure occurred at 1773-1873 K. An intermediate stable/metastable phase was also observed at 1373-1773 K and 30 GPa. The structures of the new phases were not refined at present, however, they were characterized using orthorhombic symmetry. At 30 GPa new phase may be similar with P21c-l phase, predicted by ab initio computations (Pickard and Needs, 2015). In addition, we determined melting line of phases in the CaCO3 system, which is flat above 6-7 GPa and at 30 GPa it was 200 K lower than previously reported. In this study we significantly improved knowledge of CaCO3 phase diagram, which may be important for thermodynamic calculations of chemical reactions involving carbonate phases relevant to the deep mantle. Indeed, additional refinement of new phases may be needed because it was not possible to quench them to ambient conditions.