JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Tectonophysics

[S-IT27] [EE] Carbon in Planetary Interiors

Tue. May 23, 2017 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

convener:Craig E Manning(University of California Los Angeles), Eiji Ohtani(Department of Earth and Planetary Materials Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Hiroyuki Kagi(Geochemical Research Center, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo), Konstantin Litasov(V.S. Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy SB RAS)

[SIT27-P02] High-pressure study of coronene: phase transitions, oligomerization, decomposition and thermal expansion

Artem Chanyshev1, *Konstantin Litasov1, Anton Shatskiy1, Yoshihiro Furukawa2, Anna Likhacheva1, Takashi Yoshino3, Yuji Higo4, Eiji Ohtani2 (1.V.S. Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia, 2.Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan, 3.Institute for Study of the Earth’s Interior, Okayama University, Misasa, Tottori, Japan, 4.SPring-8, Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, Kouto, Hyogo, Japan)

Keywords:aromatic hydrocarbons, carbon cycle, planetary interiors

Coronene C24H12 is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) consisting of six benzene rings. PAHs are believed to be the most abundant organic molecules in the Universe (Ehrenfreund and Charnley, 2000; Tielens, 2008) possibly due to electron delocalization over their carbon skeleton, which makes them remarkably stable (Ehrenfreund and Charnley, 2000). Coronene was found in hydrothermal (Echigo et al., 2007) and metamorphic rocks (Sawada et al., 2008) as well as in meteorites (e.g. Oro et al., 1971). Moreover, PAHs have been identified as inclusions in garnet, olivine, and diamond from mantle xenoliths in kimberlite pipes (e.g. Garanin et al., 2011; Kulakova et al., 1982). At 300 K and ambient pressure coronene possesses the space group P21/a (Fawcett and Trotter, 1966). Two high-pressure phase transitions of coronene at 1.5 and 12.2 GPa were determined by Jennings et al. (2010). High-pressure phases were identified as monoclinic (1.5 ≤ P ≤ 12.2 GPa) and orthorhombic (P ≥ 12.2 GPa) crystal structures with space groups of P2/m and Pmmm, respectively (Zhao et al., 2013).
Here we performed high-pressure experiments using multianvil apparatus and DAC. We observed phase transition (P21/a-P2/m) between 0 and 0.9 GPa. Compressibility parameters of coronene phase P2/m were defined in the pressure range of 0.9-8.1 GPa at 300 K as K0 = 13.0(3) GPa, K0’ = 7 at V0 = 795.5 Å3 using Vinet EOS (Vinet et al., 1987); the thermal expansion coefficient was found to be low at 2.0-7.5 GPa and 473-873 K (about 10-5 K-1). The same low thermal expansion coefficient at P > 3 GPa was defined previously for naphthalene C10H8 (Likhacheva et al., 2014).
Coronene decomposition was determined in the pressure range of 2.0-15.5 GPa between 900-1000 K. Coronene decomposition products consist of nanocrystalline graphite, amorphous carbon and diamond with trans-polyacetylene lying along the grain boundaries. At lower temperatures (500-773 K) we observed significant oligomerization of coronene by MALDI measurements. Coronene oligomer formation occurs via PAH dehydrogenation and successive fusion of the initial hydrocarbon molecules through C-C bond formation. Based on our results and previous experimental study at ambient pressure (Talyzin et al., 2011) we have identified PT diagram of coronene phase transitions, oligomerization and decomposition parameters to 16 GPa and 1000 K (Fig. 1). Defined coronene phase diagram is extremely important for understanding the planet accretion by carbonaceous chondrites.

Fugure 1. PT-diagram of coronene with phase transitions, oligomerization and decomposition parameters. Shaded area is a coronene oligomerization field.