JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Tectonophysics

[S-IT29] [EE] New perspectives on East Asia geodynamics from the crust to the mantle

Tue. May 23, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A03 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Timothy B Byrne(University of Connecticut), Gaku Kimura(Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology), Jonny Wu(University of Houston), Kyoko Okino(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Chairperson:Gaku Kimura(Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology), Chairperson:Jonny Wu(University of Houston)

10:45 AM - 11:00 AM

[SIT29-06] Pattern of SKS splitting across the Taiwan orogen controlled by double subduction, not collision

*Ban-Yuan Kuo1, Shu-Chuan Lin1, Yi-Wei Lin1 (1.Institute of Earth Sciences, Academia Sinica)

Keywords:SKS splitting, double subduction, Taiwan orogen

To examine the concept of coherent deformation in the Taiwan orogeny we re-measured previously reported SKS splitting data and added new data. The evidence for geology-sensitive SKS delay times across central Taiwan proposed previously is largely dismissed by a rigorous quality control procedure. We examine the pattern of anisotropy manifested at various depths along the SKS path against a dynamic model in which collision and double subduction are considered. The best correlation of splitting pattern with that predicted from the dynamic model is found at 200-300 km, suggesting a deep-seated source of anisotropy. We quantified the vertical length scale for coherent deformation in the dynamic model using strain-rate tensors cross-correlation over depths. The vertical length scale increases from less than 50 km at crustal and lithosphere level to 100-150 km in the asthenosphere, which corroborates the notion that the apparent orogen-parallel, large-delay time SKS splitting are likely contributed from the coherent deformation in the asthenosphere. This deep-rooted dynamics is mainly driven by the double subductions at the Ryukyu and the Manila trenches.