JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-MP Mineralogy & Petrology

[S-MP40] [EE] Supercontinents and Crustal Evolution

Mon. May 22, 2017 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 102 (International Conference Hall 1F)

convener:Madhusoodhan Satish-Kumar(Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Niigata University), Yasuhito Osanai(Division of Evolution of Earth Environments, Faculty of Social and Cultural Studies, Kyushu University), Geoffrey Hugo Grantham(Department of Geology, University of Johannesburg, Auckland Park, South Africa), Krishnan Sajeev(Centre for Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Science), Chairperson:Kishnan Sajeev(Indian Institute of Science)

10:00 AM - 10:15 AM

[SMP40-04] Timing of UHT metamorphism in eastern Gondwana.

*Durgalakshmi Durgalakshmi1, Ian S Williams2, Satish Kumar M3, Sanjeewa Malaviarachchi4, Krishnan Sajeev5 (1.Department of Studies in Earth Science, University of Mysore, Mysuru, India, 2.Research School of Earth Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia, 3.Department of Geology, Niigata University, Niigata, Japan, 4.Department of Geology, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka, 5.Centre for Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, India)

Keywords:UHT metamorphism, Gondwana, Spr-Qtz

The east Gondwana reconstruction is extensively done based on the geochronological and structural studies. In this study we attempt to bring out a precise correlation using the timing of UHT metamorphism and representative mineral assemblages from Antarctica, Sri Lanka, and southern India. East Gondwana continental fragments including Trivandrum Block and Madurai Block southern India, Highland Complex Sri Lanka, southern Madagascar and East Antarctica consist of several occurrences of metapelitic rocks, orthogneiss and charnockite. This study focuses on sapphirine-quartz bearing ultrahigh-temperature metapelites from Rajapalayam, Madurai Block, southern India,Gampola, Highland Complex, Sri Lanka and Rundvågshetta, Lützow-Holm Complex, East Antarctica.
Samples of Cordierite-rich metapelites with sapphirine-quartz assemblage within garnets porphyroblastswere selected for U-Pb geochronology, Ti-in-zircon thermometry and REE analysis by Sensitive High Resolution Ion Microprobe (SHRIMP) from each location. Zircons wereanalysed both as separated grains and in-situ in thin-sections. Monazite grains separated from the same sample were analysed for U-Pb geochronology. The zircons were classified according to their morphology and REE patterns in the respective zones.
The cathodoluminescence images of zircons from Rajapalayam, Madurai block, showed distinct core with grey mantle and dark rims. On the basis of the chondrite-normalisedYb-Tb ratio, the REE patterns were catagorized as ‘high’ (4.7-6.6) and ‘flat’ (0.8-1.5). The cores gave a ‘high’ REE pattern while the grey and dark zones outside the cores gave ‘flat’ pattern. The Ti in zircon thermometry yielded a range of temperatures between 756°C and 794°C. The cores gave discordant ages as expected from detrital zircons and the oldest age observed was 2.8 Ga. The grey mantle region gave a weighted mean 206Pb/238U age of 528.6 ± 4.5 Ma and the dark rims gave 522.5 ± 3.7 Ma (95% c.l.). Monazite also gave 206Pb/238U age 554.6 ± 7.2 while the 208Pb/232Th age was 544.7 ± 7.2 (95% c.l.). Metamorphic monazite crystallized before metamorphic zircon.
The zircons from Highland Complex, Sri Lanka has detrital cores with pale or grey outer zone. On the basis of the chondrite-normalisedYb-Tb ratio the cores gave ‘high’ (7.5-23) REE pattern and the outer zone gave ‘flat’ (0.2-1.4) REE pattern. The Ti in zircon thermometry produced a temperature range from 682°C to 914°C from the separated and in-situ zircon grains. The core ages plots at ca. 900 Ma. The outer regions gave two groups of higher (n=38) and lower (n=42) weighted mean 206Pb/238U age at 560.4 ± 4.4 Ma and 554.0 ± 4.2 Ma respectively.
The Rundvågshetta zircons in CL showed cores, black inner zone and differentiated inner and outer zones. The cores and the black inner zones gave ‘high’ (8.1-14.8) REE patterns on the basis of chondrite-normalisedYb-Tb ratio and the inner and outer regions gave ‘low’ (0.2-0.6) REE pattern. The Ti in zircon thermometry yielded 735°C to 858°C. The cores gave dispersed 206Pb/238U age between 2.5- 2.4 Ga. The black inner zone gave a weighted mean 206Pb/238U age of 596 ± 11 Ma (n=6). The inner zone formed two groups to produce an older age of 556.3 ± 7 Ma (n=5) and a younger age of 532.0 ± 4.5 Ma (n=14). The outer zone also formed an older group at 549.0 ± 5.8 Ma (n=12) and a younger group at 533.3 ± 5 Ma (n=15). Monazite also gave 206Pb/238U age 586.1 ± 5.5 Ma while the 208Pb/232Th age was 580.1 ± 6.7 Ma (95% c.l.). Monazite also gave 206Pb/238U age 554.6 ± 7.2 while the 208Pb/232Th age was 544.7 ± 7.2 (95% c.l.). Metamorphic monazite crystallized after metamorphic zircon. The above results enable us to understand the linkage between high temperature lower crust of eastern Gondwana.We compare and contrast the UHT conditions in each terrain and present a model of Gondwana correlation