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[SMP42-08] Inverted Metamorphism across the Main Central Thrust constrained by metamorphic P-T condition, western Himalaya, India
Keywords:Himalayan metamorphic rocks, Main Central Thrust, Inverted metamorphism, Tschermak substitution, Peak P-T conditions
In this study, chemical analysis including garnet line profile and elemental map for major elements such as Ca, Fe, Mn, Mg and composition of matrix minerals is carried out by electronprobe microanalyser. Further, we have employed average P-T method (Holland & Powell, 1994) by using Thermocalc program (ver. 3.36) for thermobarometry. Garnets from uppermost MCTZ and lowermost GHS are characterized by growth zoning with consistently decreasing XMn content (from core to rim) suggesting the grain growth during burial with increasing P and T (Spear et al., 1990). On the other hand, most of the garnet porphyroblasts in the lower GHS exhibit flat profile of XMn with little increase of it at rim. So, this kind of diffusional zoning profile signify retrograde reaction during exhumation and cooling of the lower GHS rocks (Florence & Spear, 1991). Higher rate of diffusion of major elements at higher elevated temperature than that of growth zoning cause homogeneous distribution of these elements. Tschermak substitution [(Mg, Fe2+)vi, Siiv=Alvi, Aliv], between solid solution end members of dioctahedral micas is good indicator of metamorphic condition (Guidotti, 1984). In low grade metamorphic rocks, phengite composition changes from celadonite-rich mica towards idealized muscovite composition with increasing temperature (Guidotti and Sassi, 2002). Decrease of octahedral Fe+Mg content with increasing tetrahedral Al content in the order of 1 a.p.f.u. (11 oxygen basis), towards structural high, indicate the extent of tschermak substitution from biotite zone to kyanite zone. However, there is an abrupt decrease of Fe+Mg and Si content at the base and top of the MCTZ which could support the presence of Munsiari thrust and MCT, respectively. Peak P-T condition of 594 ± 19 °C and 9.4 ± 1 kbar is estimated from garnet + quartz + chlorite + plagioclase + biotite + muscovite ± ilmenite assemblage in uppermost MCTZ rocks. In contrast, lowermost GHS experienced peak P-T condition of 687 ± 31 °C and 11.9 ± 1.2 kbar attained by the peak metamorphic assemblage of garnet + quartz + plagioclase + muscovite + biotite ± kyanite ± ilmenite ± rutile. Thus, it is estimated that a steep inverted pressure gradient of 16.4 ± 1.3 kbar km-1 persist between uppermost MCTZ sample and lowermost GHS sample which could suggest that MCT activity exhumed GHS from deeper level than MCTZ rocks. Further, it has to be determined whether very low Si concentration in phengites in direct proximity to the major thrusts correlate with the effect of low-P or high-T.