JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-MP Mineralogy & Petrology

[S-MP43] [JJ] Brittle-Ductile Transition and Supercritical Geofluids for Crustal Energy in Island Arc

Tue. May 23, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

convener:Noriyoshi Tsuchiya(Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Tohoku University), Hiroshi Asanuma(AIST), Yasuo Ogawa(Volcanic Fluid Research Center, School of Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

[SMP43-P08] Fundamental study of flush fracturing of high temperature controlled by depressure rate

*Kenta Takagi1, Hirano Nobuo1, Noriyoshi Tsuchiya1 (1.Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Tohoku University)

Generating cracks to rock can be applied to deep drilling technology for seated geothermal development. Thermal stress derived from rapid decompression is considered to be effective for crack generation of rocks. But possible bottomehole decompression condition is milder than that of previous studies. In this study, rapid decompression experiment at 500, 550 and 600 ℃ for granite samples with water/rock ratio of 2.5, 0.5 and 0.2 was conducted. And after experiment porosity and P-wave velocity (Vp) were measured. As temperature and water/rock ratio increase, the temperature after decompression was decreased (ΔT as temperature difference of before/after decompression was increase.). Porosity is largely depending on temperature before decompression, in particular a-b phase transition of quartz has large influence. Vp is also depends on temperature before decompression. And Vp of sample at 600 ℃ decompression has same as water. Differences of water-saturated Vp and dry condition Vp shows the relationship of ΔT. Therefore ΔT affects the process of crack generation. When ΔT is small, micro crack is generated, and when ΔT is large, large aperture crack is generated. Elastic moduli were calculated from porosity and Vp . Young’s modulus decreases as porosity increases and shows negative value in all after decompression samples, which indicates samples after decompression are no more elastic. This result shows that it is possible to generate small cracks to rock even if ΔT is small.