9:45 AM - 10:00 AM
[SMP44-04] Single crystal synthesis of δ-(Al,Fe)OOH using multi-anvil apparatus
Keywords:Water Cycle in the Earth's Interior, High Pressure and High Temperature Experiment, δ-AlOOH, ε-FeOOH, Single Crystal, Kawai-type Multianvil Apparatus
However, the stability, structure, elasticity, and spin state of this solid solution that are essential to discuss the issues above have not been constrained experimentally because of the difficulty to synthesize this solid solution as a homogeneous single phase.
In this study, we successfully synthesized Fe-bearing δ-AlOOH (δ-(Al, Fe)OOH) single crystals.
Single crystals of pure δ-AlOOH and δ-(Al, Fe)OOH with dimensions up to ~0.6 mm were synthesized by a high-pressure hydrothermal method. Synthesis experiments were performed at 21 GPa and 1480 K for 4 h using a Kawai-type multianvil apparatus. Mössbauer spectra showed 95-100% Fe3+/ΣFe at the octahedral site in δ-(Al, Fe)OOH. Unit-cell parameters of δ-AlOOH were consistent with those of previous studies, and they increased linearly with Fe/(Al+Fe) of the starting materials. The crystals contain 1-2 wt.% of excess water compared to their ideal water content. The syntheses of large single crystals of δ-(Al, Fe)OOH will facilitate investigations of their stability, elasticity, elastic anisotropy, spin state, and behavior of hydrogen bonding, which will improve our understanding of the water cycles, chemical heterogeneity, and anomalies of VP and VS in the deep Earth.
This work was supported by the JSPS Japanese-German Graduate Externship.
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