JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-SS Seismology

[S-SS04] [EE] Subduction zone dynamics from regular earthquakes through slow earthquakes to creep

Wed. May 24, 2017 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

convener:Kyuichi Kanagawa(Graduate School of Science, Chiba University), Kazushige Obara(Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Demian M Saffer(Pennsylvania State University), Laura Wallace(University of Texas Institute for Geophysics)

[SSS04-P31] Shallow Slow Slip Event Off the Kii Peninsula in April 2016, Japan

*Satoshi Itaba1, Satoshi Annoura2, Tetsuo Hashimoto2, Noriko Kamaya2, Akio Katsumata3 (1.Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 2.Seismology and Volcanology Department, Japan Meteorological Agency, 3.Meteorological Research Institute, Japan Meteorological Agency)

Keywords:SSE, Slow earthquake, Low frequency earthquake

On 1 April 2016, an earthquake (Mw=5.9, hereafter mainshock, USGS) occurred off the Kii Peninsula, Japan. The mainshock occurred around the expected focal region of the so-called Tonankai earthquake. After the mainshock, strain and pore-pressure changes caused by the slow slip event (SSE) were observed by the three borehole strainmeters of AIST. The source region of this SSE is located on the plate interface at southeast side of the mainshock. An equivalent magnitude of this SSE is Mw 6.0, and duration is about 7 days. From after just a few days from the mainshock, in and around this SSE source region, intensive activity of shallow low frequency tremor has been observed for about two weeks, it is assumed that these shallow tremor events were induced by this SSE.
In off the Kii Peninsula, VLF and Low Frequency Earthquake has been often observed, but SSE had not been observed by geodetic method. The slip deficit rate of this SSE source region is about 3 cm / year (Yokota et al., 2016), and the plate convergence rate is 5.0 to 6.5 cm / year (Heki and Miyazaki, 2001). Therefore, in addition to this case, there is a possibility that SSE frequently occurred in this region.

Heki, K. and S. Miyazaki, Plate Convergence and Long-Term Crustal Deformation in Central Japan,. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 2313-2316, 2001.
Yokota, Y., T. Ishikawa, S. Watanabe, T. Tashiro, and A. Asada, Seafloor geodetic constraints on interplate coupling of the Nankai Trough megathrust zone, Nature, 534, 374-377, doi:10.1038/nature17632, 2016.