JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EJ] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-SS Seismology

[S-SS10] [EJ] Crustal Deformation

Mon. May 22, 2017 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM Convention Hall B (International Conference Hall 2F)

convener:Ryosuke Doke(Hot Springs Research Institute of Kanagawa Prefecture), Tadafumi Ochi(Institute of Earthquake and Volcano Geology, Geological Survey of Japan, The National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Chairperson:Takuya Nishimura(Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University), Chairperson:Shigeru Nakao(Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Kagoshima University)

10:00 AM - 10:15 AM

[SSS10-05] Post-seismic deformation of 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake by continuous GNSS network

*Shigeru Nakao1, Takeshi Matsushima2, Takao Tabei3, Makoto OKUBO4, Tadashi Yamashina4, Takahiro Ohkura5, Takuya NISHIMURA6, Takuo Shibutani6, Masahiro Teraishi6, Takeo Ito7, Takeshi Sagiya8, Kenjiro Matsuhiro7, Teruyuki Kato9, Jun'ichi Fukuda9, Atsushi Watanabe9, Satoshi Miura10, Yusaku Ohta10, Tomotsugu Demachi10, Hiroaki Takahashi11, Mako Ohzono11, Teruhiro Yamaguchi11, Kazumi Okada11 (1.Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Kagoshima University, 2.Institute of Seismology and Volcanology, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University, 3.Department of Applied Science Department, Faculty of Science, Kochi University, 4.Kochi Earthquake Observatory, Faculty of Science ,Kochi University, 5.Aso Volcanological Laboratory, Institute for Geothermal Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, 6.Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, 7.Earthquake and Volcano Research Center, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, 8.Disaster Mitigation Research Center, Nagoya University, 9.Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, 10.Research Center for Prediction of Earthquakes and Volcanic Eruptions, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, 11.Institute of Seismology and Valcanology, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University)

Keywords:Continuous GNSS observation, post-seismic deformation

The 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake (M 7.3) attacked to Kumamoto prefecture in Japan on April 16, 2016. Seismic intensity 7 was observed twice in the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake. Post-seismic deformation was observed after the large earthquake occurred in land and trench. Twenty-one continuous GNSS observation sites were occupied after the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake to observed post-seismic deformation. Thirteen of our twenty-one sites were near Futagawa and Hinagu fault zones, four of our sites were around Aso Volcano, which is east from Futagawa fault zones and the others were in Ohita Prefecture, which is east of Kumamoto Prefecture

Bernese GNSS Software Ver. 5.2 is used for GNSS data analysis of our newly sites together with GEONET and JMA GNSS sites for volcanoes in Kyushu for the period from April 15 to December 31, 2016. We used CODE precise ephemerides and CODE Earth rotation parameters. The coordinates of the GNSS sites are estimated respect to ITRF2008.

Large post-seismic deformation in horizontal component was observed at CGNSS sites near Hinagu and Futagawa fault zone. However, there is almost no observation in vertical component. Largest post-seismic deformation of 11cm from April to December, 2016 is observed in NS-component at MIFN, which is located east side of Hinagu fault zone. It seems that post-seismic deformation does not come to stop.
After slip model is assumed for initial post-seismic deformation from April to July, 2016. We assumed two faults, one is located in Futagawa fault zone and the other is Hinagu fault zone. Fault parameters of length, width, strike, dip, amount of slip, position are estimated by simulated annealing method. Top and bottom of fault plane are 0.1 to 40 km in Hinagu fault and 0.8 to 32 km in Futagawa fault. Two fault planes extended to mantle. It suggests that there are several phenomena in initial post-seismic deformation, effect of viscoelastic etc.