Keywords:Adiabatic pressure derivative of temperature (β), Temperature response, Stress change, Hydrostatic compression system, Numerical simulating
The temperature responses of rocks to stress changes are key to understanding temperature anomalies in geoscience phenomena such as earthquakes. We developed a new hydrostatic compression system in which the rock specimen center can achieve adiabatic conditions during the first ~10 s following rapid loading or unloading, and systematically measured the representative lithologies of several sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic rocks sampled from two seismogenic zones (the Longmenshan Fault Zone in Sichuan, and the Chelungpu Fault Zone (TCDP Hole-A) in Taiwan), and several quarries worldwide. And we built a finite element model of heat conduction to confirm the measured results of temperature response of rocks to stress change. The results show that: (1) the adiabatic pressure derivative of the temperature (β) for most crustal rocks is ~1.5 to 6.2 mK MPa-1, (2) the temperature response of sedimentary rocks (~3.5 to 6.2 mK MPa-1) is larger than that of igneous and metamorphic rocks (~2.5 to 3.2 mK MPa-1), and (3) there is a good linear correlation between β (in mK MPa-1) and the bulk modulus K (in GPa): β=(-0.068·K+5.69)±0.4, R2=0.85. This empirical equation will be very useful for estimating the distribution of β in the crust, since K can be calculated when profiles of crustal density (ρ) and elastic wave velocities (Vp, Vs) are obtained from gravity surveys and seismic exploration.