JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-TT Technology & Techniques

[S-TT60] [JJ] Contribution of luminescence and ESR dating to earth and planetary sciences

Wed. May 24, 2017 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 202 (International Conference Hall 2F)

convener:Kazumi Ito(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Shin Toyoda(Department of Applied Physics, Faculty of Science, Okayama University of Science), Reisuke Kondo(Educational Development Center, Kogakkan University), Saiko Sugisaki(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Chairperson:Kazumi Ito(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Chairperson:Saiko Sugisaki(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST)

4:30 PM - 4:45 PM

[STT60-03] Luminescence characteristics and IRSL-chronology of extreme-wave event deposits recorded at the Shirasuka lowlands, Japan

*Svenja Riedesel1, Dominik Brill1, Geoff A.T. Duller2, Osamu Fujiwara3, Ed Garrett4,5, Georgina King6, Helen Roberts2, Toru Tamura3, Anja Zander1, Helmut Brückner1 (1.Institute of Geography, University of Cologne, Germany, 2.Department of Geography and Earth Sciences, Aberystwyth University, United Kingdom, 3.National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Japan, 4.Department of Geography, Durham University, United Kingdom, 5.Geological Survey of Belgium, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Belgium, 6.Institute for Geology, University of Bern, Switzland)

Keywords:feldspar, single grain, tsunami deposits, storm surge deposits

The location of Japan at the Pacific-Philippine-Eurasian subduction zones makes it vulnerable to earthquakes and subsequent tsunamis. Furthermore tropical cyclones cause destructive storm surges. Both natural hazards may generate extreme-wave events, which are a major threat for coastal communities.
The Shirasuka lowlands, sandwiched between a Mid-Pleistocene terrace and a coastal dune, record evidence for numerous extreme-wave events. Located along an important historical trade route, their impact history is well documented in written sources and a radiocarbon chronology has been developed for seven extreme-wave event deposits previously identified in this area (Fujiwara et al., 2006; Komatsubara et al., 2008). Therefore, this study area provides an excellent opportunity for testing the applicability of OSL dating to young (< 800 years) coastal, potentially incompletely bleached extreme-wave event deposits.
Quartz is preferred for dating such sediments, due to its faster rate of signal resetting. However, OSL measurements failed due to low signal intensities, absence of a fast component, and sensitivity to IR stimulation. Consequently, feldspar was used instead. The IRSL50 signal has high signal intensities and resets quickly. However, thermal transfer affects these young feldspars. To minimise this effect and thus reduce recuperation, a second optical stimulation at 130 °C was included in Lx and Tx cycles of the IRSL50 protocol.
Final dating was performed on single-grains of feldspars to (i) lower residuals, and (ii) account for potentially incomplete bleaching.
The resulting ages cover the known historical record of the extreme-wave events of the last 800 years at Shirasuka. Sand sheets can be correlated with tsunamis in AD 1361, 1498, 1605 and 1707. A poorly bleached equivalent dose distribution of the uppermost sand sheet hints at a different transport mechanism. The IRSL age range suggests a correlation with the Tonankai earthquake in AD 1944. Since the subsequent tsunami did not inundate the study area, a terrace slope failure due to intense shaking, is suggested for this sand sheet.

Fujiwara, O, Komatsubara J, Takada, K, Shishikura, M, Kamataki, T (2006), Journal of Geography 115: 569-581 (in Japanese).
Komatsubara, J, Fujiwara, O, Takada, K, Sawai, Y, Aung, TT, Kamataki, T (2008), Sedimentology 55: 1703-1716.