[STT60-P09] Cathodoluminescence and electron spin resonance characterization of synthetic quartz
Keywords:quartz, cathodoluminescence, electron spin resonance, E1' center
Single crystal of synthetic quartz without any impurities (Miyazaki Epson Co.) was employed for CL and ESR measurements. Sample was sliced perpendicularly to the c axis, and its surface was polished. Electron were irradiated on the surface using a Cockcroft-Walton accelerator located at Takasaki Research Center (JAERI). Implantation energy of electron beam was at 1.0 MeV at 5 stages of 4.51×103 – 3.20×104 J/cm2. CL color images were obtained using the Luminoscope (ELM-3). CL spectroscopy was carried out by an SEM-CL system, which consists of an SEM (JEOL, JSM-5410LV) combined with a grating monochromater (Oxford, Mono CL2). All CL spectra were corrected for total instrumental response, which was measured using of a calibrated standard lamp. ESR spectra were obtained by an ESR spectroscopy (JEOL, JES-PX2300).
The ESR spectra obtained from annealing sample at 600 ºC exhibit no signal assigned to E1’ center at g = 2.001, whereas weak one is recognized in untreated sample. According to Toyoda et al., (1996), the heating up to 600 ºC almost quenches the signal of E1’ center. The results of the ESR measurements indicate that the signal of E1’ center in both annealed and untreated samples pronounces with an increase in the irradiation dose. It clearly shows a formation of E1’ center. in quartz by electron irradiation. CL analysis by a spectral deconvolution method reveals five emission components related to defect centers at 1.77 eV, 1.9 eV, 1.95 eV, 2.3 eV, 2.7 eV and 3.14 eV for annealed and untreated samples. An increase in electron-irradiation dose results in an increase in the intensity of the component at 1.77 eV. This result suggests that the emission at 1.77 eV in a red region closely relates to the E1’ center determined by ESR method, whereas the emission component at around 2.7 eV has been assigned to the E1’ center involved with STE in quartz.