11:00 AM - 11:15 AM
[STT61-02] Moment tensor inversion of 2016 Southeast Off Mie earthquake via numerical simulation using a three-dimensional velocity structure model
Keywords:Nankai Subduction zone, Earthquake, three-dimensional velocity structure, Moment tensor inversion, Numerical simulation of seismic wave propagation
The model of 3D simulation and technical details are same as in Takemura et al. (2016). The 3D heterogeneous velocity structure, including topography, sedimentary layer, crust and subducting Philippine Sea plate, is referred from the Japan Integrated Velocity Structure Model (JIVSM; Koketsu et al., 2012). By using displacement waveforms for periods of 30-100 s, we estimate an MT solution of this earthquake. The result with minimum variance reduction is the optimal solution with source mechanism and centroid depth.
The optimal result is characterized by a low-angle dipping faulting at a depth of 11 km, where the upper surface of the Philippine Sea plate exists closely. Obtained result reproduced not only long-period displacement waveforms but also polarity of short-period (~ 2 s) P waves. Observed P-first arrivals at land stations show apparent velocity of approximately 7 km with up polarizations, which propagate along oceanic Moho of the Philippine Sea Plate
Since our FDM simulations evaluated seismic wave propagation for periods longer than 1.4 s, calculation of one element moment tensor at a certain depth requires 1.3 TB of computer memory and a wall-clock time of 1.5 hours by parallel computing using 256 nodes (1,024 cores) of the Earth Simulator.
We used the Hi-net/F-net/DONET data and F-net MT solution. The computations were conducted on the Earth Simulator at the Japan Marine Science and Technology (JAMSTEC).