12:00 PM - 12:15 PM
[SVC45-06] Rootless cones as Martian cone analogues and miniature volcanoes
Keywords:rootless cone, Mars, miniature volcano
Although the formation of terrestrial rootless cones is regionally restricted to several areas such as Iceland and Hawaii high-resolution imaging has revealed the pervasive existence on Mars (e.g., Greeley and Fagents, 2001). Martian rootless cones are located in very young volcanic regions which were thought to be active in 2 Ma at the latest (e.g., Burr et al., 2002). The existence of these young rootless cones is an evidence of 1) the distribution of subsurface water ice on recent Mars and 2) hot interior of recent Mars enough to generate amount of flood lava (e.g., 5000-7500 km3 in Athabasca Valles; Jaeger et al., 2010). Thus, rootless cones show recent environment and thermal state of Mars, and terrestrial ones should contribute to this field.
Rootless cones would be nature analogues of huge terrestrial volcanoes. There are several good points to focusing rootless cones in point of volcanology; 1) they are formed as groups (more than 1000 cones), i.e., they can be a target of statistical analysis which is difficult for limited numbers of huge volcanoes, 2) they help simple understanding of volcanic explosions because of their simpler formation system, and 3) easier field working thanks to their small edifices.
In the presentation at first we show typical examples of rootless cones in Iceland and on Mars; their distributions and the cone morphometry in comparison with other pyroclastic cones based on our surveys of 5 years. Then we will discuss the relative position of the rootless eruption among cone-forming eruptions by magmatic and phreatomagmatic.