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[SVC47-19] Vertical ground deformation after the August 2015 dike intrusion event at Sakurajima volcano measured by leveling survey
Keywords:Sakurajima volcano, precise leveling survey, vertical ground deformation
From the measured data, we calculate the relative height of each bench mark referred to the reference bench mark BM.S.17 which is located at the western coast of Sakurajima. The calculated relative heights of the bench marks are then compared with those of the previous survey conducted in August-September 2015 (Yamamoto et al., 2016), resulting in the relative vertical displacements of the bench marks during the period from August-September 2015 to November 2016.
The resultant displacements indicate the remarkable ground uplift at bench marks around the northern part of Sakurajima. The amount of the maximum uplift is as much as about 20.5 mm referred to BM.S.17. On the other hand, the ground subsidence is detected around Arimura (southern part of Sakurajima). From the preliminary analysis based on Mogi’s model, the inflation and deflation sources are located beneath the northern part of Sakurajima and beneath the east of Showa crater, respectively. The inflation source represents the magma accumulation around the location, while the deflation source is supposed to reflect the pressure decrease related to the previously intruded dike.