11:30 AM - 11:45 AM
[SVC49-04] Low-temperature fumaroles and diffuse H2S degassing associated with recent volcanic activity at Iwo-Yama, Kirishima Volcanoes, Japan
Keywords:Iwo-Yama, hydrogen sulfide, volcanic gas disaster, low-temperature fumarole, Ebino Highland, gas poisoning
The Miyazaki prefectural government started the fix-point observations of the atmospheric H2S and SO2 concentrations in and around the fumarolic and degassing areas in March 2016 because the areas are located near a road for tourism and mountain trails, and someone may suffer accidents with gas poisoning. Initially, the atmospheric H2S concentration at 30 cm height from the ground surface at the center of the diffuse degassing area had not exceeded 200 ppm. However, the concentration has drastically increased in October 2016 and showed 1400 ppm maximum. In response to this, the prefectural government settled policies for setting out restricted areas according to the H2S and SO2 concentrations and started the automatic measurement of the atmospheric H2S concentration at the two fixed point located in and beside the diffuse degassing area in January 2017.
The author has been monitoring the state of changes in the low-temperature fumarolic activity and the diffuse degassing area since March 2016 together with the prefectural government from the viewpoint of safety of tourists. In this presentation, the author would like to discuss the state of diffuse degassing activity with a high H2S content and report on the approach to volcanic gas disaster prevention by Miyazaki prefecture and the regional community of Ebino Highland.