10:15 AM - 10:30 AM
[SVC46-13] A trial of measurement for shape and velocity of ash-fall by using a digital image analysis technique
Keywords:Terminal fall velocity, Particle image velocimetry, Laboratory test, Ash transport- and deposition-model
In the present study, we examined a measurement for shape and velocity of ash-fall by employing a digital image analysis technique. We configured the experimental setup based on a shadowgraph particle measurement system of Dantec Dynamics to deal with non-spherical particles. The particles were illuminated by high-intensity pulsed lasers, Nd: YAG laser, with an optical diffuser. A CCD camera was placed in front of the light source, and the camera was equipped with a long-distance microscope lens to obtain visualized images of small particles. We carried out a trial measurement for sedimentation of corrected ash and discussed the optimization of measurement parameters and relationship between shape and velocity of ash-fall in a laboratory test. More details will be presented in the presentation, and we believe that our study must be helpful to develop the numerical simulations for evaluation of volcanic ash risk.
The authors wish to express our gratitude to Mr. Y. Futawatari of Dantec Dynamics, Ltd., Mr. T. Sato and Mr. K. Ota for helpful comments on the design of the optical setup, and to Mr. K. Toshida, Dr. D. Miura and Dr. S. Takeuchi for fruitful discussions on this study.