Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol B (Biogeosciences) » B-PT Paleontology

[B-PT03] Biocalcification and the Geochemistry of Proxies -Field ecology, Laboratory culture and Paleo

Tue. May 26, 2015 2:15 PM - 4:00 PM 104 (1F)

Convener:*Takashi Toyofuku(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)), Hiroshi Kitazato(Institute of Biogeosciences (BioGeos),Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)), Jelle Bijma(Alfred-Wegener-Institut fur Polar- und Meeresforschung), Chair:Takashi Toyofuku(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC))

2:15 PM - 2:40 PM

[BPT03-12] Effects of recent ocean acidification in the western North Pacific on Porites coral calcification

*Kaoru KUBOTA1, Yusuke YOKOYAMA1, Tsuyoshi ISHIKAWA2, Atsushi SUZUKI3, Masao ISHII4 (1.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 2.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 3.National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 4.Meteorological Research Institute, Japan Meteorological Agency)

Keywords:boron, coral, Porites, ocean acidification, calcification

One third of carbon dioxide emitted to the atmosphere as a result of human activities has been incorporated by the surface ocean. Subsequently, the seawater is acidifying at an unprecedentedly faster rate (ocean acidification); seawater pH (pHSW) has declined by ~0.1 since the Industrial Revolution (1750 AD). As a pHSW decline reduce saturation state of calcium carbonate, it will probably lead to severe consequences for scleractinian corals, important reef builders in the tropical and subtropical oceans. Up until now, many studies have evaluated effects of ocean acidification on scleractinian corals through culturing experiments, but few studies evaluated it in the natural environment. To better understanding how corals and coral reef ecosystems will adapt to or be damaged by the resulting changes in environments, field observations are crucial. Using thermal ionization mass spectrometry, we measured a 100 year record of boron isotopes (δ11B) of massive Porites coral obtained from Chichijima, Ogasawara Archipelago, western North Pacific. The result revealed a raid decline of δ11B since 1960 (-0.17 ± 0.07‰/decade), suggesting a decrease of pH of extracellular calcification fluid (pHCF) due to ocean acidification. The result also showed that pHCF has been decreasing rapidly (changing sensitively to pHSW) than estimation from culturing experiments of Porites corals. Thus it suggests the calcification fluid of Porites coral become corrosive to aragonite in the future (pHCF = ca. 8.3 when pHSW = ca. 8.0 in 2050) at an earlier point than previously expected, despite the pHCF up-regulation mechanism of corals. Therefore, it is likely that ocean acidification has already had negative influences on corals in addition to various environmental stressors represented by regional warming.