9:30 AM - 9:45 AM
[SCG62-14] Frictional properties of materials along the plate boundary of Tohoku subduction zone: implications for slow slip events
Blueschist gouges show a friction coefficient of about 0.75 and positive (a-b) values which decrease to become negative with increasing temperature. At 200oC, the behavior is velocity weakening and shows negative (a-b) values with a background friction of ~0.75. At 300oC, friction is ~0.65 and the gouges show neutral to positive values of (a-b), showing larger (a-b) values than at 200 oC. (a-b) values slightly decrease at 400oC with a background friction of ~0.7. There is also effective normal stress dependence: even at temperature conditions where (a-b) tends to be positive, (a-b) values are negative at low effective pressure and increase to positive with increasing effective normal stress. This suggests that increasing pore pressure is a possible factor causing unstable slip, leading to slow slip events.
Smectite-rich pelagic sediments show that at low temperatures of 20 and 50oC, the simulated gouges exhibit negative values of (a-b) with a background friction coefficient of 0.38, except at the highest slip rate of 0.1 mm/s. However, the gouges show neutral to positive values of (a-b) at temperatures of >100oC with the same background friction coefficient as at lower temperatures. In addition, the value of parameter (a-b) depends significantly on slip rates: at temperatures of 20 and 50oC it increases from negative to neutral (or slightly positive at 20oC) with increasing slip rates to 0.1 mm/s, whereas it tends to decrease with increasing slip rate at temperatures higher than 100oC. The downdip temperature limit of the slow slip events at Japan Trench (Ito et al., 2013) seems to be in the range between 100 to 150oC. The transition in (a-b) value from neutral to positive, particularly at lower slip rates, occurs at the same temperature range. Hence, this could correspond to the observed downdip limit of the slow slip events.