Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW24] Isotope Hydrology 2015

Mon. May 25, 2015 11:00 AM - 12:45 PM 301A (3F)

Convener:*Masaya Yasuhara(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Kohei Kazahaya(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Shinji Ohsawa(Institute for Geothermal Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Masaaki Takahashi(The National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), YUICHI SUZUKI(Faculty of Geo-Environmental Sience,Rissho University), Futaba Kazama(Social Cystem Engineering, Division of Engineering, Interdiciplinary Graduate School of Medical and Engineering, University of Yamanashi), Kazuyoshi Asai(Geo Science Laboratory), Chair:Kazuyoshi Asai(Geo Science Laboratory), Takashi Nakamura(International Research Center for River Basin Environment, University of YAMANASHI)

12:15 PM - 12:30 PM

[AHW24-11] Groundwater age determination by using ^{85}Kr and its verification by other hydrogeochemical tracers

*Makoto KAGABU1, Midori MATSUNAGA1, Tomohisa ISHII1, Noriyuki MOMOSHIMA2, Jun SHIMADA1 (1.Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kumamoto University, 2.Radioisotope Center, Kyushu University)

Keywords:Krypton-85, Groundwater age, Groundwater flow system, Sulfur hexafluoride, Groundwater age tracer, Miyakonojo basin

Krypton 85 (85Kr) is a man-made trace gas from reprocessing plant origin whose atmospheric concentrations have been increasing over the past few decades. As it is soluble in water, it can be used as groundwater age indicators over timescales ranging from a few years to a few decades. In this study, 85Kr specific activities in groundwater were measured with an on-site dissolved Kr gas extraction system using an external flow through type hollow fiber membrane modified after Ohta et al. (2009).
85Kr specific activities in groundwater were confirmed at 3 sites in Miyakonojo basin, south-western Japan, considering regional groundwater flow system. Estimated groundwater age were 2 years, 11 years and 60 years in the recharge, intermediate and stagnant discharge areas along the groundwater flow line, respectively. In order to verify these 85Kr ages, we also measured other age tracer gases such as Sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) and Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) at the same sampling wells of 85Kr measurement. The result of the SF6 age dating in the three locations were well harmonized with the 85Kr dating results; the SF6 age were 1 year, 23 years and over 60 years. However, CFCs could not show reasonable groundwater age due to the local contamination by the urban and industrial origin CFCs.
The seasonal fluctuation of the stable isotopes (δ18O and δD) in groundwater were also measured to evaluate the comprehensive groundwater age tendency. Relatively high seasonal fluctuation of the stable isotopes were measured only in the shallow unconfined well site at the recharge area, which reflect the seasonal isotopic fluctuation in the precipitation. This is another evidence of the relatively young groundwater characteristics to support the 85Kr and SF6 age in the recharge area.